Why COI Chose the Cut-off Date of 1991?

COI and crimes in massawa
In the End, we’ll remember not only the atrocities and injustices of our enemies, but the silence of the United Nations.

By Bereket Kidane,

If you ever needed any proof that the UN Commission led by Mike Smith was directly challenging Eritrea’s sovereignty, you can find it in the date that he picked for his bogus investigation. The UN Commission announced to the world that they were only interested in crimes against humanity committed in Eritrea since 1991. One might ask why 1991? What’s the significance of 1991? Where there crimes against humanity committed on the Eritrean people before 1991?

It just so happens that 1991 is when Eritrea’s sovereignty begins. Before 1991, there were unspeakable atrocities committed on the Eritrean people that would qualify not only for crimes against humanity but also war crimes. And yes they were widespread and systematic. What did the United Nations do when those crimes against humanity and war crimes were being perpetrated on the Eritrean people in the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s? Nothing! Absolutely nothing!

The UN was completely oblivious and uninterested in the suffering of the Eritrean people.

When Eritreans were being lynched in public squares in towns like Agordat and Keren in the 1960s and 1970s by successive Ethiopian governments, how many commissions did the United Nations set-up to look into “human rights abuses” that were being perpetrated on the Eritrean people? None!

When Eritrea’s civilian populations in towns like Sheeb were rounded up in mosques and summarily executed before driving over their bodies with tanks, how many commissions did the United Nations set-up to investigate human rights abuses? None!

When the Ethiopian Air Force was wiping out entire villages in the lowlands and highlands of Eritrea by targeting civilian populations using the banned Napalm bombs, how many commissions did the United Nations set-up to investigate those crimes of war? None!

When the banned cluster bombs rained on Massawa shredding Eritrean civilians into pieces, how many commissions did the UN set-up to investigate the war crimes that were being committed on the Eritrean civilian population? None!

When Eritrean mothers were having their breasts torn-off causing the floor to be awash in blood allegedly because their wombs were producing offspring to fight for Eritrea’s independence, how many commissions did the United Nations set-up to investigate the widespread and systematic human rights abuses? None!

And when the Ethiopian government sent its troops to dissolve the Eritrean Parliament on November 14, 1962 and illegally annex Eritrea, how many commissions did the United Nations set-up to investigate the illegal annexation of Eritrea in direct contravention of UN Resolution 390-A(V)? The answer is None! Nada! Zilch!

In the years following the illegal annexation of Eritrea, countless pleas were made to the United Nations by the liberation fronts, friends of Eritrea and global organizations for the United Nations to assume its duty, reverse the illegal annexation of Eritrea and bring an end to the suffering of the Eritrean population. They all fell on deaf ears.

Since Eritrea became a sovereign state, however, the United Nations has been busy setting-up bogus commission after commission to try to undermine, demonize and delegitimize the State of Eritrea with the ultimate aim of stripping Eritrea’s right to defend itself.

And now we are told the United Nations is only interested in human rights abuses beginning with the year 1991. Again, the question becomes why 1991? Where was the UN before 1991? Where was the UN in 1990 for God’s sake when civilian populations of Massawa were being shredded to pieces with the banned cluster bombs? The answer is obvious.

1991 is when Eritrea’s sovereignty begins. First, there was the SEMG, which despite coming to the conclusion that Eritrea is not providing any support to Alshabab is continuing unabated. Then there were sanctions passed on Christmas Eve without due process accorded to Eritrea and are continuing despite there being no evidentiary support for the claims made by the Sanctions Committee. Sanctions are supposed to be an extreme measure and yet the UNSC refuses to lift the unfair and unjust sanctions even though there is no legitimate reason to continue to impose them on Eritrea. Now the COI has produced an unprofessional report, which lacks rigor and verifiability, in addition to being riddled with elementary methodology problems that a fifth grader can pick apart. For this witch hunt, the COI is telling us that its starting point is going to be 1991. By this point you may have noticed a pattern and might be asking yourself: “What is this 1991 business all about? Is this the latest UN plot to undermine and reverse Eritrea’ s sovereignty one UN commission at a time?” Hey, is the Pope Catholic? The answer is yes.


Crimes Since 1991?

The COI’s incredible, and really laughable, claim that “crimes against humanity” were committed in Eritrea since 1991 reveals its unabashed political stance and is symptomatic of its entire report.

Eritrea’s hard-won and universally acclaimed independence in 1991 came after three decades of popular struggle for freedom and human rights. Two years later, in a referendum observed by the United Nations and many countries and organisations, and which they described as a national festival, 99.8% of Eritreans, inside and outside the country voted freely for independence.

The following years saw impressive progress in all areas-political, economic, social and cultural, including the drafting and ratification of a national constitution in a widely consultative popular process.

The COI denies this well-known and undisputed history and makes the outlandish claim that Eritrean “officials have engaged in a persistent, widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population of Eritrea since May 1991.” It goes on to say that these officials “have relied extensively on the commission of crimes to establish and consolidate total control over the Eritrean population.”

This accusation, which forms the crucial rational, for the charge of “crimes against humanity” flies in the face of the reality already described. There was no need to resort to force to establish control, as the population was fully supportive-indeed the backbone – of the liberation movement and there is no shred of evidence for a persistent, widespread and systematic attack against the civilian population,”- the same movement that paid so much sacrifice to defend and protect the population. Twenty-five years on this same population vividly demonstrated strong support for the independence of the country and the government during the Silver Jubilee Independence celebrations. (Source: H.E. Yemane Gebreab)

UN Commission for Eritrea (1950)

The 1950 UN Commission for Eritrea recommends Eritrea’s federation with Ethiopia. The 2016 UN Commission on Eritrea suggests Eritrea constitutes a threat to international peace; a recommendation that could lay the ground and basis to compromise Eritrea’s sovereignty. History is simply repeating itself.

24 thoughts on “Why COI Chose the Cut-off Date of 1991?

  1. I think it is a mistake to call it “the UN vs Eritrea”. It is Ethiopia aligned with the US (which have veto power) is using the UN office to attack Eritreans. So, when the author of this article says the UN, it gives it false precedence. Supposedly, the united nation represents the international community. However, the international community is not anti Eritrea.

    1. The party not the Nation · Edit

      Mono it the un against the gov or the party, stop making Eritrea and the party to one entity , couse Eritrea is for ever and the party is soon a history..

        1. UN ???! It is just a bogus ,hoax and it does not have an Independent power too ???? to break it down it is another version of the supreme supper power and the moment I see this white devil by the name Mike smith I feel like throwing up and it makes me sick to my stomach because I see no humanity on his face but at the same time you can not blame him he is just simply doing his job. But remember this tomorrow history will judge you for what ever successive crimes you are committing against the Eritrean people under the shadow of the so called UN office. Because what ever crime you are committing now is not against the Eritrean government or the ruling party it is simply against the Eritrean people -party comes and goes but we the people of Eritrea are the once who are paying dire price for your unfounded and senseless sanction And for a record if you are in a position to solve the Eritrean problem then implement the Algeris agreement and escort Ethiopia from the iligal occupation of sovereign Eritrea then not you but we the people of Eritrea have a reasonable avenue to legally question the Eritrean government to implement the constitution and establish an entire institution governed by the rule of law – so please instead of prolonging the Eritrean governments life in power by giving him reason help us solve the Ethio-Eritrean problem then we will be in total control of our problem and will write our own destiny too.

      1. PFDJ = Eritrea = PFDJ · Edit

        Yesterday’s EPLF and today’s PFDJ is Eritrea. Without PFDJ there is no Eritrea. Without Eritrea there is no PFDJ. The sooner you understand that the better.

        1. Yes, However, PFDJ have been alienating many Eritreans by not addressing what Eritrean people want to have happened domestically. Specially for not implementing the constitution.

  2. Shabo wants to get support by telling Eritreans, the entire world is against us and our country. Can it be perhaps, shabo doesnt have enough smart people to tell Wedi Afom about implementing the consistution? How many years you play victim to twist the truth? In about a week, Ethiopia is taking a seat at the UN. The first request will be regime change. Get ready, the roof is coming down but till then here is an excellent tune from the one and only

  3. Thank Mr. Kidane,
    Eritreans know very well why the bogus office of COI was hired and why the United Nations chose 1991 as their
    chosen day for investigation of crimes against humanity in Eritrea. It is simply because they want to reverse our hard won independence and annex our Eritrea with our x-colonizers so they will have free access to the pearl of Eritrea, The Eritrean Red Sea.

    If the United (States) Nations is any interested in crimes against humanity in Eritrea, it would have been proper to start the year 1890 ( the start of Italian colonization) or at least the year 1952 (when Eritrea was forcefully put under the “ownership” of Ethiopia).

    So the reason the UN would not like to use any of previous years (like 1890 or 1952) is because the perpetrators of crimes against people of Eritrea were The Italians, The British Empire, The United States of America and the leaders of Ethiopia (their African House Negros). According to United States of America, any individual, organization or country who aides a terrorist (in our case, successive Ethiopian leaders) are also terrorist !!!, Not wanting to implicate themselves or any of their friends (Italy, UK or Ethiopia) is precisely the reason they chose the year 1991.

  4. This patented criminals chose 1991 simply to insult our struggle for independence and our history as an independent country. Where was UN and the so called Human Rights organizations when Eritreans were being burned in their homes by the Hailessilase and Menhistu regimes. When Onna was being burned down to the ground the US army was in Keren watching Eritreans being burned alive.

    This despicable global leaches never did and will never stand for human rights. It is all about global control of resources yo secure their interests and they deliberately corrupted the UN to the bone to serve their interests.

    1. Make no mistake about it, the agenda of these hegemonists is UNDO THE INDEPENDENCE OF ERITREA.
      How? Simple: Once they put these good-for-nothing Weyane ass-kissers (the new Asfaha-Woldemichael-like traitors) in power, they go for the kill. History keeps repeating itself.


    I wrote here, 9 days ago, the following statement highlighting the ridiculousness of the inclusion of the “since the 1991” statement by the Commission of Inquiry on human rights on Eritrea:
    {…Similarly, this new FABRICATOR OF LIES of the USA, the Commission Of Inquiry on human rights in Eritrea, will also fade away submerged by the bloated weight and fantasies of fabricated and HEARSAY stories of desperate and goaded refugees. [For the smart readers: “since 1991” is the Achilles heel of this lies-filled report]…}

    Why is the statement “since the 1991” ridiculous? Well, the soldiers of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Army (the EPLF) entered the capital of Eritrea, Asmara, on May 24,1991 thereby finally liberating the Eritrean people from 41 years of foreign rule, subjugation. and associated abuse of civil rights, arbitrary imprisonment and killings. Now, how is it possible or imaginable that the Eritrean soldiers that just liberated their own people and were busy locating their own families, at least those who were still alive, would have the energy and the motive in 1991, the very year that liberated the land after 30 years of liberation struggle, to deny their own people their human rights? How is that humanly possible? And what would be the motive for doing that? Quite clearly this “since 1991” inclusion is a blatant lie.

    And, in my book, any report that starts with a fabricated lie has a high probability of being full of lies. Indeed, any rational person would find the COI to be nothing but a BOGUS REPORT — 484 pages of FABRICATED LIES, DISTORTIONS AND EXAGGERATIONS.

  6. Traitors Acting like oposition · Edit

    From the Start it was Never caring about Human Rights, this fact this so called Eritrean Opposition Nerds to understand. So the Opposition Need to Chose either they Are with the Enemy with Weyane or with Hizbi Eritrea.
    They COI Never accepted Eritrea Independence. The White man Could Not swallow we became Independent withoutout bagging & asking the White man for Freedom & Independence. This Racist hate powerfull People like hizbi Eritrea, they prefer beggar & housenigga like Weyane .
    The White man use their bitch Weyane to reverse our hard earned Independence

  7. Why COI Chose the Cut-off Date of 1991? The easiest question ever asked. Because fighters like Bitweded Abrha disappeared without trail the day after independence 1991.

    1. I know. How sad that our patriotic heroes get treated like their lives do not matter. It is funny, how clueless individuals keep ranting about that Eritrea does not need the constitution.

      1. In reality you’d care less about Eritrea or our heroes and heroines. Many have taken their time to educate you on your bogus “questions” but to no avail. A slave can’t be expected to own his opinion.

    2. Wait a minute, smart-ass! Your assertion raises more questions than it answers any. 1. Do you mean to tell us, these people at the UN care about Bitweded Abraha or any other Eritrean, for that matter? 2. If you have any evidence the Eritrean govt has anything to do with his disappearance, then tell us what that evidence is! If not, the normal procedure is to first find out what exactly happened to the man and then file charges and not like it’s being done today, first accuse and then let the burden of proving a negative be, on the Eritrean government.

      1. What a babble! Who do you think responsible for the disappearance of G. Bitweded Abrha other than the democratic state of Eritrea? Oh!, I forgot, you might be right, I heard the other day he was kidnapped by some reprobate gangs from in Asmara while he was shopping in Markato. That is why a search operation funded by the government was carried out to investigate what happened to him. I can see that is why his photo was posted in one of the many private newspapers in Asmara when I was there just few weeks ago to celebrate May 24. Sorry, Mike Smith was wrong, his report should be rightly abjured-the gov should not held accountable for disappearance of those thousands fighters and civilians who were perfidious to the democratically elected president H.E Ato Issais Afeworki. I hope this will now help you sleep well.

        1. Believe you me, I sleep like a baby, every night! Still- where is the evidence?The one babbling is you and you know it!

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