The Eritrea Institute of Technology is located on Mai Nefhi, about 20 km south west of Asmara, near the Mai Nefhi dam. It currently has three colleges: Science, Engineering and Technology, and Education. Other new colleges are also under construction elsewhere in the country in other fields of studies. The Institute began with about 5,500 students during the 2003-2004 academic year.
The main reason for the opening of the college was to distribute the concentration of educational institutions away from the capital city of Asmara. Similar colleges were opened through out the country in all regions. The number of enrollment has dramatically increased by a number of folds as a result of the opening of such institutions. Funding from out side organizations is available. However, the institutions is modeled after the principle of self reliance.