Tag Archives: US policy on Somalia

Why Trump’s Administration Needs to Rethink about the Horn of Africa

Trump’s Horn of Africa policy challenges.

There is no evidence that Africa in general and the Horn of Africa in particular will be a priority for President Trump in the way it has been for his three immediate predecessors. Can this be a blessing for the US to correct past policy failures in the region or will he be indifferent?

By Temesgen Tesfamariam,

Today, two events seem to have an effect in putting US dominant existence in the Horn of Africa to an end. These are the military arrival of China in Djibouti, and the popular uprising in Ethiopia. The US’s long-term dream of having permanent military base in the region has now faced serious challenges after Djibouti chose to work with China in a more intimate manner than with US.

Needless to say that US military station in the region dates back to 1950s during which it opened naval bases in Eritrea. It left the base for Diego Garcia because the 1974 revolution in Ethiopia brought unfriendly political landscape in the region. Now, the situation looks reappearing, as the military arrival of China in Djibouti stews the United States temper. Continue reading Why Trump’s Administration Needs to Rethink about the Horn of Africa

How to End the Stalemate in Somalia

If shoring up the TFG is counterproductive at best, and “constructive disengagement” is impolitic, what should come next?

By Bronwyn Bruton and J. Peter Pham,

Since 2007, al Shabab, an al Qaeda-linked militia, has been locked in a violent stalemate with Somalia’s weak and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG). Back in 2009, it was clear that this conflict was far from inevitable: today’s tragedy is a result of a series of bad policy decisions by the United States, regional actors, and the United Nations. And it has been actively sustained by external forces – al Qaeda provided al Shabab funding and tactical expertise while the United States and other countries bolstered the TGF, fueling an unproductive conflict. Somalis in Mogadishu have sometimes characterized the bloody saga as a “diaspora war,” as both sides are at least partially proxies for foreign powers. Continue reading How to End the Stalemate in Somalia