Though politicians and the press tend to downplay the idea, environmental degradation is often an underlying cause of international crises — from the deforestation, erosion, and reduced agricultural production that set the stage for the Rwandan genocide of the 1990s to the prolonged drought that pushed rural populations into the cities at the start of the current Syrian civil war. Egypt could become the latest example, its 95 million people the likely victims of a slow motion catastrophe brought on by grand-scale environmental mismanagement. Continue reading The Vanishing Nile: A Great River Faces a Multitude of Threats→
Egypt and Ethiopia have been at odds for much of their modern history, perhaps nowhere more so than in their attempts to secure water of the Nile River basin. This particular struggle has been on full display in recent negotiations over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which is situated on the Blue Nile. The history of competition over the critical waterway provides the context for regional dynamics that will endure long into the future. Continue reading Egypt – Ethiopia: A River Runs Through an African Rivalry→
The dramatic escalation of feud between Ethiopia and Egypt is now shaping itself into a growing confrontation following news that Ethiopia has started to divert the flow of the Blue Nile river to start construction of a giant dam that believed to have a devastating impact on the Nile-dependent Egypt.