Tag Archives: Mediation

Combining Traditional and Modern Laws: The Strengths of Eritrean Community Courts

Using customary laws within the national law
Using customary laws within the national law can be beneficial in resolving disputes. What makes practically unique to Eritrea is that customary laws are codified and written as far back as the 15th century.

By Mela Ghebremedhin,

For the detractors of Eritrea, the country has no “no laws or rules”. This is a refrain often parroted by the so-called mainstream media. Seen through their distorted prisms, Eritrea is plunged in a complete anarchy. But, really…? Actually, Eritrean society has a rich track record of customs and traditional justice systems used for centuries. Even the Italian and British colonial powers recognized the importance of preserving and upholding the customary laws during their respective colonial rule of the country.

As I went to buy the new codes at Awget Bookstore, I was wondering how the new revised codes took into account customary laws and what is the role of customary practices in resolving disputes or any other legal issues? That’s when I remembered this brochure called “Eritrea-EU: 20 Years of Partnership”. One part of the catalog looks at the role of the EU in supporting community courts in Eritrea. There it is! Community courts!  Continue reading Combining Traditional and Modern Laws: The Strengths of Eritrean Community Courts

Mediation as a Not so Modern Concept …

Mediation as a not so modern Concept in Developing Countries Vs. Judges see the inherent value of Mediation in a modern legal system

By Ruby Sandhu,

Returning recently from Asmara, Eritrea in the Horn of Africa, I met with mediators from the impressive grassroots community courts from the six Zoba regions in Eritrea, individuals equal in gender and spanning a generation.

Eritrea, a country that is consistently referred to as a despotic regime, one without the Rule of Law, labels that we conveniently shoot from the hip to undermine sovereign states without understanding their context and importantly the implications of our actions. A tick box approach to international law and at worst an agenda for the instrumentalisation of human rights, that is using the good work of genuine activists who bring to our attention human rights violations, to consciously or unconsciously illicit the agendas of interested entities premised on geopolitics, self interest or exploitation of natural resources.  Continue reading Mediation as a Not so Modern Concept …

IGAD Imposed a Take it or Leave it Deal Over South Sudan Warring Parties

NO END INSIGHT. The IGAD led marathon meditation on the South Sudan Conflict

By Sudan Tribune,

AN EXTRAORDINARY summit of the heads of state and government of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which convened on Thursday, has been adjourned until Saturday in order to give the two warring parties more time to reach an agreement on a document imposed by regional leaders.

The move comes after South Sudanese president Salva Kiir and leader of the opposition faction of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) Riek Machar failed to agree on leadership structure and power-sharing arrangements during face-to-face talks on Thursday. Continue reading IGAD Imposed a Take it or Leave it Deal Over South Sudan Warring Parties

Can the U.S. Mediate Egypt and Ethiopia? Lessons from the Ethiopia – Eritrea Stalemate

“I think we [the U.S.] have got to be very sensetive to make sure that outcome [a decrease in Egypt’s share of the Nile water] doesn’t happen. The Egyptian government is pivotal to peace in that region and the people of Egypt has to know the United States and the people of United States are on their side and making sure that they do not wake up one morning and find the action of another government whether it is Ethiopia or whoever, has dramatically, negatively impacted on their economic welbeing. So today I was just call on our government, to do what it can to make sure that the Egyptian people are NEVER put in that spot by a decision made in Ethiopia or some other government.. bring their economic welbeing down, the standard of living down, cause suffering among their people and that is unacceptable as an alternative, hopefully the United States will take as a priority and try to get solve this problem in some sort of role we can play.” – Congressman Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA)
By Fikrejesus Amahazion,,

EARLIER this week, U.S. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA), Chairman of the Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia, and Emerging Threats, questioned several expert witnesses at a hearing entitled “Water Sharing Conflicts and the Threat to International Peace.”[i]

While the primary focus of the hearing was on the ongoing Ethiopia-Egypt Nile dispute, an extremely interesting point was raised by Rep. Rohrabacher regarding Eritrea. Specifically, when discussing a potential U.S. arbitration or mediation role in the Ethiopia and Egypt disagreement, Rep. Rohrabacher outlined the U.S.’ failure in arbitrating the Eritrea-Ethiopia 1998-2000 war. Continue reading Can the U.S. Mediate Egypt and Ethiopia? Lessons from the Ethiopia – Eritrea Stalemate

President Kiir Accuses IGAD of Delaying Peace Deal

IGAD Under Ethiopian Chairmanship is Playing Unhelpful Game. “Whenever we are about to reach a peace deal, IGAD imposes recess and holidays,…[more delays]”- President Salva Kiir
By Sudan Tribune,

SOUTH Sudan’s president Salva Kiir on Friday accused the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) of allegedly delaying peace talks to end the country’s 11-month-long conflict, which has killed thousand and displaced millions of people.

“Whenever we are about to reach a peace agreement, the IGAD imposes recess and holidays, this is why peace has not yet been signed. But we are committed as a government to bring peace to this country,” said Kiir while inaugurating a new ward at Juba military hospital. Continue reading President Kiir Accuses IGAD of Delaying Peace Deal

USA and Regime Change in South Sudan

China has made non-interference a keystone of its foreign policy. However, as clearly seen in the case of South Sudan, those policies need to set aside as one of its fundamental national and commercial interests – oil – is under threat from the US through proxies.

By Thomas C. Mountain,

IT IS no longer a secret that the USA is attempting to carry out regime change in South Sudan. Why? It’s because South Sudanese President Salva Kiir is determined to continue supporting Chinese oil production in his country, China’s only majority owned energy project in Africa.

The USA managed to get the Chinese oil fields shut down a couple years back by promising to provide upwards of $200 million a month in “aid” during the dispute between Sudan and South Sudan over pipeline transit fees if the oil fields were closed. Continue reading USA and Regime Change in South Sudan