BY SOPHIA TESFAMARIAM
Threats to peace, stability and security remain at an all time high and questions about the credibility, efficacy and integrity of the UN Security Council in addressing these serious global issues abound. International and regional organizations remain under greater public scrutiny and one such organization that has come under increased scrutiny by citizens of the Horn of Africa is the Intergovernmental Agency for Development (IGAD). Its recent decisions negatively affected the peace, stability and security of the region and bears responsibility for the destruction of Somalia and the suffering of its people.
It did not take a rocket scientist to figure out that it was the mercenary minority regime in Ethiopia, led by Meles Zenawi that was behind the shenanigans at IGAD and the African Union in 2009 that led to the Security Council’s adoption of the illegal, unfair and unjust Resolution 1907 (2009). As the paper trails and the records showed, despite what the US Ambassador to the United Nations claims about Resolution 1907 (2009) which the Security Council adopted on 23 December 2009 being an “African Initiative”, it was in fact, a decision made by the TPLF regime in Ethiopia.
IGAD was duped into endorsing that recommendation and so were the members of the African Union Peace and Security Council, some of whom may have believed that IGAD had made an independent and studied decision on Somalia. The AU’s Peace and Security Council was itself in violation of the African Union’s own rules which clearly state that:
“….Any Member of the Peace and Security Council which is party to a conflict or a situation under consideration by the Peace and Security Council shall not participate either in the discussion or in the decision making process relating to that conflict or situation. Such Member shall be invited to present its case to the Peace and Security Council as appropriate, and shall, thereafter, withdraw from the proceedings…”
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda endorsed the resolutions against Eritrea.
The illegal meetings and decisions were orchestrated by Ethiopia who served as the Chair of the African Union’s Peace and Security Council when that infamous decision against Eritrea was made. Not surprisingly, it was also Ethiopia that Chaired the IGAD meeting when it called for sanctions against Eritrea in 2009. The regime in Ethiopia is once again trying to employ IGAD to advance its anti-Eritrea foreign policy and when IGAD issued its 28 June 2011 Communiqué on Eritrea, once again, it had the minority regime’s fingerprints all over it. Haile Mariam Desalegn, the minority regime’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs is the Chairperson of the IGAD Council of Ministers which recently called for more sanctions against the people of Eritrea. This time, the desperate and ignominious minority regime is also calling for sanctions against the Eritrean Diaspora.
It should be recalled that Haile Mariam Desalegn has been widely quoted by invited journalists as he openly made the following statement in a 22 April 2011 press conference held in Addis Ababa:
“…We [ the TPLF regime] have embarked ourselves on equal reaction, which is regime change (in Eritrea ….This regime change is not by invading Eritrea but by supporting the Eritrean people and groups which want to dismantle the regime. We are fully engaged in doing so…” <
The TPLF cadre is using IGAD to advance that desperate goal. [Read more baout this HERE]
In the past I have written about the fact that all prominent positions in the Government of Ethiopia were headed by card carrying members of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF). Entrenched corruption, political exclusiveness, nepotism and absolute control of power define the minority regime in Ethiopia led by Meles Zenawi, the head of the TPLF.
A 2009 study of Ethiopia’s Army by an Ethiopian group said:
“…In Ethiopia, a minority ethnic group that comprises no more than 6% of the total population (89 million) controls the political, economic, and social life of 94% of the Ethiopian people…all high level military positions in the Ethiopian army are asymmetrically dominated by a minority ethnic group led by the TPLF elite…93.5 of all key military positions in the Ethiopian National Defense Forces are occupied by ethnic Tigrayans, far in excess of their 6% representation among the Ethiopian population…”
Whilst TPLF cadres head key Ministries in Ethiopia, they also occupy key positions in the international and regional organizations such as the African Union, Economic Commission for Africa and the Intergovernmental Agency for Development (IGAD), that are found in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital. Well placed Tigrayans have been using these regional and international organizations to advance TPLF’s agenda in the region and help sustain its brutal grip on the suffering people of Ethiopia.
It is no wonder then that IGAD and AU have never issued a single statement on the massive human rights violations and genocides taking place in the Gambela, Ogaden and Oromo regions of Ethiopia. They have also remained mum as the regime massacred innocent Ethiopians on the streets of Addis Ababa for voting the regime out
Let us take a look at some of the TPLF cadres that occupy key positions at IGAD and who have accompanied the TPLF leader to the summit in Maputo.
Meles Zenawi is the currently Chairman of IGAD and is leading the IGAD delegation to Maputo, Equatorial Guinea where he will undoubtedly Chair the “Extra-Ordinary IGAD Summit” scheduled for 4 July 2011. He is also the head of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) and the leader of the minority regime ruling Ethiopia today.
Lissane Yohannes, serves as IGAD’s Special Envoy to the Assessment and Evaluation Commission and according to the 28 June 2011 IGAD Communiqué, this longtime card carrying member of the TPLF regime was present at the meeting that decided to impose more sanctions on the people of Eritrea. Those who follow events in the Horn will remember Lisanne Yohannes for his futile attempt to dispute the various human rights reports that exposed the TPLF’s atrocities in the Ogaden region. In 2008, he was commissioned by the minority regime to “investigate” the very serious allegations brought against the Ethiopian government. The deceptive regime presented Lisanne Yohannes as an “independent expert”.
Berhane Gebre Kristos, TPLF Central Committee member and former Ambassador to the USA and currently serving as Ethiopia’s State Minister for Foreign Affairs chairs many meetings of IGAD.
Another card carrying member of the TPLF that is part of the TPLF delegation is Nasinet Menghistu, a member of IGAD’s Somalia Peace and National Reconciliation Committee.
General Gebre Adhana, Commander in Chief of Ethiopian forces that invaded and occupied Somalia in 2006 and a card carrying member of the TPLF also serves on IGAD’s Somalia Peace and Reconciliation Committee. Case of the fox watching the chicken coop…
An IGAD dominated by TPLF cadres in all key divisions and departments is incapable of making sound and legal decisions on issues of peace and stability in the Horn of Africa. IGAD’s credibility and integrity have been further undermined by the TPLF regime’s interference, and self serving and transparent shenanigans.
Exposing its utter contempt for the other members of IGAD, the regime is trying to repeat what it did in 2009.