Destabilizing Egypt, Ethiopia’s Nile River Dam

Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam on the Nile river is a white elephant
GERD as a casus belli . Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam is the white elephant in the room that is ticking to unleash the greatest instability the region has even seen. (Photo: Ethiopian Herald)


Ethiopia’s new “Grand Renaissance Dam”, scheduled to be completed next year, will take close to half (40%) of the Nile River’s water every year for the next 5 years as it fills up. How is Egyptian President Al Sisi going to survive for the next 5 years without almost half the Nile’s water when the country is presently suffering serious water and hydroelectric shortages, never mind crippling inflation, growing hunger and a terrorist insurgency?

So far, the world thinks that somehow, some way, Egypt, almost 100 million people and growing, already on shaky ground economically, will find a way to survive something that the country has not faced in over two thousand years, almost a half less water from the river Nile for 5 years straight.

And what if a drought hits the Ethiopian highlands, the source of the Nile River, with chances are this happening at least once in the next 5 years with the accelerating global warming trend, and Egypt loses over half of its water?

If international opinion turns out to be wrong, and that cutting Egypt’s water by nearly half for 5 years is not survivable, then an enormous explosion is brewing in Egypt, the Arab world’s biggest country, this huge explosion being brought about by the construction of Ethiopia’s massive dam generating 6,000 MW of electricity, something that Ethiopia doesn’t even have the infrastructure to use.

If Ethiopia can’t even distribute this new source of electricity for its people to use due to an almost complete absence of any national power grid, let alone local level infrastructure, then why has the country gone so deeply into debt to build a dam that will do so much damage to its northern neighbor, Egypt?

Those in the know are asking this question, for a potential catastrophe could be in the making in Egypt with a hunger driven popular explosion of rage against the rule of President Al Sisi and fundamentally threaten the Egyptian military’s ability to hold the country together.

As in Syria and Iraq, ISIS is sure to take advantage of the resulting chaos to spread its insurgency across the country and all of this could lead to an Egyptian failed state situation.

Such a scenario has directed attention towards the likelihood of the Egyptian military attacking Ethiopia’s new dam if the situation starts to deteriorate domestically. Cutting the Niles water will be a devastating blow to Egypts ability to feed itself and cutting off its ability to produce food for export causing the loss of desperately needed foreign currency.

Will the Egyptian people be able to endure such a dramatic increase in their hunger and hardships for 5 years without an inevitable explosion? Will Al Sisi be able to hold the Egyptian military together and prevent the government from collapsing as a result of such a major water shortage and inevitable mass hunger?

The origins of the very idea of Ethiopia daming the Nile are found at the World Bank, majority owned by the USA. The World Bank, whose policy for many disastrous decades was to push dam construction in some of the most vulnerable areas of the planet was the first to raise the “grand dam” idea, to harness the waters of biblical proportions for a “Greater Ethiopia”.

The problem, again, is that 70% of Ethiopians don’t have access to government electricity, almost 70 million people. The Ethiopian government has gone so deeply into debt building this new 6,000 MW dam there is nothing left over to build the electrical distribution network the country so desperately needs. So all that new electric power will not go towards uplifting the lives of Ethiopians, “for a Greater Ethiopia”, but be sold on the East African market to pay the onerous debt incurred in building the damn thing.

The needs of Ethiopia for many years in the future could have been met by building a series of smaller, much less expensive dams that would not cause such a drastic interference in the Nile River’s flow.

Yet thanks to the World Banks persistence, Ethiopia went ahead with its “grand dam” and the result could be an explosion of popular anger in Egypt that could threaten much of the worlds economy, being that Egypt controls the Suez Canal, through which the largest trading partners in the world, Asia and Europe, do 90% of their business.

It is Egyptian troops, whose salaries are paid for by the USA, that control the Suez Canal and if the Egyptian military loses control of the country in a popular uprising similar to which brought down Mubarak, then the continued reliability of the army to control the Suez Canal comes into question. Of course, there is always the Israeli Army waiting in the wings, ever ready to step in and occupy the first Great Canal in Suez.

Could it be that having Egypt and Ethiopia, two out of three of Africa’s largest countries, at each others throats is in the national interests of the USA, that wants at all costs to prevent African unity, neither economic or political?

Again we find the USA’s policy of “crisis management” behind the scenes in this brewing conflict, as in create a crisis and then manage it to divide and conquer, the better to loot and plunder African resources with as little resistance as possible.

The writer is an independent journalist. He can be followed him on Facebook as thomascmountain or via email at thomascmountain at g mail dot com

68 thoughts on “Destabilizing Egypt, Ethiopia’s Nile River Dam

  1. The mother of all African dams “GERD” :-

    1) like the vast majority of large dams throughout the world, and particularly in Africa, has and will continue to fall prey to massive cost overruns;

    2) has and will continue to suffer from substantial schedule delays;

    3) is a white elephant that does not make economic sense;

    4) could have significant negative environmental impact,

    5) if actually built and passed commissioning stage, will be hampered in its power generation capacity by prohibitive maintenance costs and substandard construction, which in the long term increase the risk of catastrophic dam failure, and

    6) could be a cause of great instability in the region.

    1. There is more to it. take Gibe and the dangers of Lake Tana. I am convinced, this country is in trouble. Not only the Egyptians are pissed off but so are the Kemyans.

        1. “no one or nothing stands in a way of middle income Ethiopia” :))
          We all know that this is Woyane’s euphemism for raping, robbing and murdering others to get to “middle income” status.

    2. Mola Asgedom didn’t work for you, Facebook warriors annoyed us with fake postings, G7 still missing his top comrade, Ogaden front is dead as of last week, OLF twitter still active which woke us up from a deep sleep. This time, your last stand is how Egypt will attack us and GERD is the reason for instability? Iway, why not ask your people without power how they can benefit from it, no need to go anywhere in the horn or Egypt. The people who built Axum and Lalibela will never accept any treaty from Arabs and damn sure won’t be intermitted by their clowns. In a way, we are glad we don’t have your IQ, can you imagine if we think like you and suspend constitution out fear of being attacked? Lock our homes cuz some war might break out? Restricted banks withdraws? Forced every child to military camp all in the name of defending the nation from big bad Egypt, in your case Ethiopia? Few months to go to make Meles’s vision a reality and on to middle class, leave it to us please.

      1. By 2005, “The benefit of this relationship is that the Ethiopians provide the location and linguists and we provide the technology and training,” she wrote. According to Pierce, Lion’s Pride had already produced almost 7,700 transcripts and more than 900 reports based on its regional spying effort.”

        Imagine how many more they produced since. No wonder twitter, facebook and eritrean sites likes have been overwhelmed by Woyane agents.

    3. 1) What cost overruns are you talking about? Ethiopia is not new to building dams. Gibe ( I, II, III), Tekeze, Tana beles, these are some of the dams the country completed in the past 10yrs alone (WOW!!!). we are not new to the business, infact Ethiopia has by now a lot of expertise. GERD doesnt have any tunnels, no problems with the dam bedding, or any other unseen major problem ….dont expect major cost overruns.

      2) So far 2/3 of GERD is completed! It is not like one of the tiny dams that u guys build in ur country. this is a real dam. One of the top ten in the world. Dont expect it to be finished in 3 or 4yrs. that cant just happen.

      3) Shouldnt u atleast wait until complition and see if the project is a “white elephant”? btw, Power demand in the country is growing at a whooping 20% a year! not to mention the power export.

      4) What is the negative impact of having a lake in the middle of a desert. other than that there is no change in the flow of the river. unless you are talking about the soil minerals/nutrients going to egypt.

      5) The same construction company “SALINI” is building the dam; what sub standard are u talking about? it is big doesnt mean it cannot be build in Africa.

      6) No. 6 is actually funny; what u r sayin is: Ethiopia should stop building the dam because it could destabilize Egypt?! have u said the same thing about Sudan’s dam on the nile.

      why dont u guys just focus on your country?! I am sure there are a lot of problems to be solved.

  2. After reading the book “Should We Build More Large Dams? The Actual Costs of Hydropower Megaproject Development” by Oxford University researchers Atif Ansar, Bent Flyvbjerg, Alexander Budzier and Daniel Lunn, one will reach in to a conclusion that GERD – the mother of all African dams – will not have economic viability to Ethiopia at all.

    In 2010, these world class researchers analyzed 245 large dam projects in 65 countries that were built between 1934 – 2007, with a total cost of US$353 billion.

    The authors presented their breathtaking findings and analysis that should be a warning and instructive to those championing the GERD blindfold:

    …Large dams suffered average cost overruns of 96% in constant local currency terms. The degree of cost overruns tended to increase with the size of projects. Even without considering social and environmental costs, large dams on average don’t make economic sense…

    … Project implementation suffered an average delay of 44%. The implementation schedule does not include the lengthy lead time required to prepare projects. Dam builders and financiers frequently acknowledge the problems of the past, but claim that they have learned from their mistakes…. Neither cost nor schedule overruns have improved over time. There is little learning from past mistakes… Forecasts of costs of dams being made today are likely to be as wrong as they were between 1934 and 2007…

    … Both cost and schedule overruns affect projects in all world regions. Poor countries tend to have higher delays, possibly because weak government structures and economies don’t support the construction of complex large dams. Interestingly, projects in democratic countries also tend to experience longer delays, possibly because elected politicians use rosy forecasts to sell their projects…

    … Large dam projects such as the Belo Monte, Myitsone, or the Gilgel Gibe III among many others in early planning stages are likely to face large cost and schedule overruns seriously undermining their economic viability…

    …[P]lanners for large dams around the world need to increase [their cost estimates] by 99% [and their construction] schedules by 66% to achieve 80% certainty [within budget and on time]…

    1. The guardians of Renaissance Dam “GERD” should seriously consider the recommendations of the Oxford researchers:

      “Many smaller, more flexible projects that can be built and go online quicker, and are more easily adapted to social and environmental concerns, are preferable to high-risk dinosaur projects like conventional mega-dams.”

      1. The Oxford study predicts

        “with 80% certainty, the giant project on the Indus River can be expected to cost $25.4 billion rather than $12.7 billion, and to be completed in 2027 rather than 2021.”

        The researchers offer similar conclusions on the “Inga dams on the Congo, the Belo Monte Dam in the Amazon, the proposed dams on the Mekong mainstream and many other mega-projects.”

  3. Now that TPLFites bankrupt, their propagandist are floating (once again) peace deal with Eritrea by accepting EBBC decision fully and returning Badme to its rightful owners — Eritrea!

    I say, time has changed and TPLFite should know there new demand: Welkait, Tegede and Telemt too should be returned to their rightful owners — Amhara. What do you think?

    1. It’s nonsense for us to demand TPLF to return Amhara land, thats something Amhara people need to demand. Only concern for us Eritreans is our land must be returned according to the EBBC ruling.

      1. At this juncture in history, after having paid dearly through war and other subversions, Eritrea can not be expected to be satisfied with compliance to EEBC decisions alone. Eritrea will demand measures that are far reaching so as to make sure that such situations things do not happen again and also that Eritrea be compensated for all damages in life and property.

        1. That’s great and all but, how realistic is it to expect compensation from a backward, indebted and bankrupt TPLF. The practical thing that will happen for sure is Eritrean land being returned to its rightful owner. Ethiopians need to step up efforts to achieve their goals they are demanding from TPLF. The future is certain, either by choice or force, TPLF will be thrown in the trash.

        2. Hahaha, your begging culture won’t go away with independence, does it? Given what you pulled recently, we might ask our port back ata komal. Demo compensation? Weyy gud, stop playing victim all the time, ownership please. Any day now

        3. I don’t know about you, but to me the only thing which would satisfy and reassure me after the return of our land is, the complete distraction of Chefra Weyane and the breaking up of Ethio in 3 or more states.

        4. I fully agree.
          Ethiopian minority tribal rulers have been and continue to be used as mercenaries in the Horn of Africa and Eritrea continues to be a victim of successive Ethiopian tribal rulers. The key reasons for continuation of such criminal arrangement is that Ethiopian tribal regimes can only protect their survival and interest by becoming mercenaries servants of big protective powers. Hence, as long Ethiopia is ruled by minority tribal hoodlums, there will be nothing but war and destruction in our region. Therefore, Eritreans, in collaboration with peaceful and democratic Ethiopians, have the moral obligation to put the threats posed by of these tribal stooges to bed forever.
          There are many ways of permanently addressing the threat posed to Eritrea by successive Ethiopian minority tribal rulers but the most effective one is to help put the government of Ethiopia in the hands of the majority.

          1. I tried to explain last time, there is no threat posed to Eritrea at all. It’s all in your leader head, he suffers from paranoia of some sort. We just don’t want you people in our affairs, send the Facebook warriors away from Asmera and peace can be achieved. But for some odd reasons, you are not good listeners. If we really want to, can you honestly stop us from making it the new Iraq? You know that answer full well, we are building, no time for another war. Look at badme, it’s map and if you know anything about military, the next war you start would last more than two weeks. Promise.

          2. The only panoroic hoodlums in here are the paid Woyane cyber warriors.
            Your ethnocentric Woyane regime will never have the voting numbers neither the moral legitimacy to rule Ethiopia. You made it to 4 Kilo on the backs of Eritreans and poor Ethiopians, including poor Tigrayan peasants. Once in 4 Kilos, you graduated from a bare ass bagger to a looting pimp hiding under the skirts of your masters.

            The only way you can and will ever rule the majority of Ethiopians is if you pimped yourself to the West, the same way Haileselassie did and Mengistu pimped himself to the USSR. What do your master want in return for protecting you? They want to control the Red sea. That is why Eritrean continues to be a victim of Ethiopian tribal pimps. Eritreans will put an end to this too.

          3. The most difficult road in Eritrea called lbi Tigray. (Heart of Tigray) Our forefathers called this zigzag difficult road libi tigray to show you can’t trust Tigrayans it doesn’t matter what. Also there is a saying in Eritrea ሽሕ ግዜ እንተኾነ ሕያዋይ ኣይትእመን ትግራዋይ፡ roughly translated “it doesn’t matter how nice he could be never trust tigrayan” as they are well known for stabbing those ppl who trust them on the back.

  4. It has been reported that the TPLF regime intends to sell the power from the “Renaissance Dam” to the Sudan, Egypt and the Arabian peninsula once construction is complete. The “Declaration of Principles” issued last week under Clause 6 of the “Declaration of Principles” they signed in Khartoum assures Egypt and the Sudan to be “given priority to purchase energy” from the dam.

    The question is whether Egypt will trade power for water if the flow of water even marginally impacts its agriculture and its own production of power on the Aswan Dam. NO IT WON’T!

    1. Shouldn’t this site be more concerned about the
      white elephant projects in Eritrea? Don’t you think it’s troubling that the Eritrean government came up with the a new airport that is hardly used for
      international flights (Massawa International Airport)? Don’t you think that
      analyzing why Eritrean Airlines is in the abysmal state it is right now is more
      relevant for an Eritrean site? Don’t you think that the outflow of young
      Eritreans risking their lives fleeing towards Europe is far more relevant? Perhaps
      the white elephant called Eritrean Railways can be discussed. You have an
      obsession about anything Ethiopia related, even if its regarding subjects or
      issues not relevant to Eritrea. You even went so low as to post racist theory
      on black Africans, just so that you could discredit Ethiopia. The question is
      why? Why this obsession with Ethiopia my friend, when we have so many problems
      in Eritrea to deal with? To speak about Ethiopia’s many problems caused by
      their regime, while remaining silent about our problems caused by the regime
      shows your double standard

      1. Massawa International Airport was built entirely by Eritrean ingenuity and with out a cent from World Bank or any other international financial institutions – i.e. zero debt.

        Massawa is where Eritrea’s Industrial Free Zones are located. Massawa is Eritrea main import/export outlet. Massawa is Eritrea only resource export outlet, etc… The construction of this Airport is, therefore, strategic, timely and serving its purpose.

        1. Excellent response. I think people should also know that this was a well studied project open to everyone (unlike the TPLFite project), and the World Bank and EU give it two thumbs up at the time. Believe it or not the US Defense Dept spent money toward the study of the project as well — and they wrote a glowing report about it. Moreover, I remember the Wold Bank did say it wanted to provide a loan for the project (close to $30 million). Of course they all changed their tune in 1997/8, as they decided to oppose everything and anything Eritrea does at the behest of TPLF and their sponsors at Westminster and State Dep.

        2. Thank you dear to have fully explain, i would like to add that beyond the dam itself, the disagreement will soon be between Egypt and Ethiopia, i don’t even consider Weyane that will be a matter of past as they soon will pass away, but what they are leaving to the country with all that amount of cost they are supporting to build it, for those who will come after in Ethiopia will be for sure a big curse all that selfish investment without considering if might or might not damage the down-stream countries, which i believe will be a trouble in future. Sad.

      2. Massawa for us, will be soon the main economical hub, but what i like as TN tells is that is made in Eritrea. Proud. If you’re concerned about the hardly used you should have to worry if you’re Eritrean who is strangulating it..and not condemn the good will Our government is doing.

      3. Yemane, notwithstanding whether you are Eritrean or not, The Massawa Airport was addressed eloquently by TN and fellow forumers. For your information, assuming you don’t know, the Eritrean Railroad system is a treasure to be kept, admired, maintained, used and improved with time. We will see improvement steam gushing forward once the sanctions gangsters steam fizzles out. Beside the existing active system currently with token services, the Massawa line will traverse Asmara, Keren, aqurdet, Barentu, Tesseney all the way to Kessela (Sudan), while a line to OmHajer from Tesseney is also planned, with a real possibility of crossing into Ethiopia, once the Ethiopian people have their say over the affairs of their country.
        Not only that, but the historical Teleferica (cable way – once the longest in Africa) is planned to be resuscitated into life by making it not only cargo, but tourist moving system, with all the necessary logistics on the way to and from Massawa.
        The airline fate is exacerbated by the illegal sanctions, as is most economic life these days in Eritrea. But, the Eritrean government is not simply watching until the Susan Rice sanctions are lifted with folded arms. With the booming mining interest, even foreign carriers are expected to increase their flight frequency and improve the quality of service to and from Eritrea, including the Asmara International Airport (which is slated for a major expansion), Massawa International Airport as well as Asseb, Tesseney and other regional destinations.
        So my friend these assets are waiting their turns to shine at the appropriate time far from your lamented view of being “White Elephants”!

      4. Thank you sir, one normal Eritrean on this forum. Bless your heart. To answer your question, he might have been one of those people we kicked out. Maybe we didn’t return his property but our embassy should help with that. We don’t get it neither. Or miss being part of our country, citizenship change is doable if you renounce Wedi Afom. Hey, anything is possible if Trump can make it.

        1. Please inform your Ethiopian government to prepare for me an Ethiopian army uniform as i shall be leading the Ethiopian army against the Egyptains invaders.

          I got your back.

        2. Aye nasty Agame
          The moment you see anti Eritrean comment irrespective by who, you jump twice and begin to write as usual incoherent comment. Sentiko you better care of your beggar siblings who are waiting for food stamp some where and care little bit for the clique who are cornered in Arat Kilo.

  5. Could GERD be a casus belli (an act or event that is used to justify war) in the region?

    The national Egyptian Strategic Plan to deal with the reality of the GERD from construction to completion has been laid out as:

    1) try and exhaust diplomacy;
    2) resort to international law, i.e. seek judicial or arbitral resolution;
    3) if options 1 and 2 fail, “resort to our intelligence agencies in order to destroy any dam that undermines Egypt’s security… building such dam is tantamount to a declaration of war against Egypt…”

  6. … people who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones …
    13 September 2017 Latest update:

    Summary – Tensions are raised on the border between the Somali Region and Oromia following recent clashes; there have been protests in Jijiga, the capital of the Somali Region; road travel may be disrupted; if you’re in the area, exercise caution and follow the advice of the local authorities.

    1. Deadly protests hit Ethiopia, Again

      (BBC World Service) – At least two people have died in protests in Ethiopia. More than 600 have been displaced during the clashes on Tuesday in towns in the east of the country.

      Demonstrators accuse a police unit of carrying out killings and human rights abuses against the Oromo people.

      The government has blamed the clashes on a border dispute between the Oromo and their neighbours in the Somali region of Ethiopia.

      It says it has now sent in the military to carry out a disarmament exercise.

      The conflict has been raging for months but escalated this week in violent confrontations.

      In August, the government lifted a 10-month state of emergency imposed following more than two years of anti-government protests.

  7. … this just come out today ….

    Fears Over Ethiopian Dam’s Costly Impact On Environment, People

    (By Sean Avery, University of Leicester) – Ethiopia’s GIBE III hydropower dam is now operational. However, rights groups have raised concerns over the impact that it is having on downstream communities and the environment. The Conversation Africa’s Samantha Spooner asked expert Sean Avery about the dam and the huge controversy that has surrounded this project.

    Why was the dam constructed?

    Ethiopia’s highlands enjoy high rainfall that generates huge rivers, with much of this water flowing out into other countries. This includes almost 70% into the Nile Basin and 14% to Kenya’s Lake Turkana.

    Because of this huge resource, the country’s hydropower potential, at 45,000 MW, is the second highest in Africa, second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Hydropower is a renewable energy resource. Dams are constructed to raise the river’s water to a high level for release to drive turbines within the dam’s power station that generate electricity.

    Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa and is developing its hydropower potential to meet its domestic electricity demand and also to export power to neighbouring countries. It is developing various sources, including the Omo-Gibe basin’s potential through the Gibe cascade of hydropower dams along the length of the Omo river.

    Gibe III is the most recently commissioned project in the Gibe cascade and at 243m height is the tallest dam in Africa. Its power station’s installed generating capacity of 1,870 MW is not far short of the electricity generating capacity of the whole of Kenya in 2015 – 2,295 MW.

    How long did it take and how much did it cost?

    The dam construction started in 2006 and was officially inaugurated in December 2016.

    The project cost is stated to be 1.47 billion Euros (USD$1.75 billion) with funding coming from the Government of Ethiopia and Exim bank of China.

    What is it expected to produce in terms of energy output and which countries are set to benefit?

    Gibe III’s powerlines will feed into the Ethiopian national grid and onwards to the southern African electricity grid through Kenya. Gibe III will contribute roughly half its power output of 1,870 MW to Ethiopia itself. The rest will be exported to neighbouring countries – namely, 500 MW to Kenya, 200 MW to Djibouti and 200 MW to Sudan.

    The project has been labelled as the “world’s most controversial dam”, why is this?

    At the start, the procurement of the dam contractor was determined to be non-transparent by the World Bank, and international donors shunned the dam. Construction also started without a license from Ethiopia’s Environmental Protection Agency.

    There have since been ongoing complaints about environmental and social impacts downstream, including villagisation and displacement of indigenous people.

    There is also controversy regarding Kenya’s Lake Turkana. This is because the Omo river, on which Gibe III dam is built, is its umbilical cord. 90% of the inflow to Lake Turkana depends on the river, which conveys fresh water and vital nutrients (such as nitrogen) that sustain the lake, and whose floods provide stimulus for fisheries breeding.

    At least half a million people depend of the lake. Lake Turkana is also the world’s largest desert lake and has three national parks that together form a World Heritage site. Due to these concerns, the Friends of Lake Turkana Trust challenged the project in Kenyan Courts, but the case stalled.

    The project also lacked adequate social and environmental assessments. A downstream environmental and social impact assessment was produced three years after construction started, but it didn’t study its impact over the border in Kenya, and wrongly stated that the dam would create a positive water balance for the lake with consequential irrigation abstraction impacts on the lake were not not taken into account.

    There were independent efforts by international donors, namely the European Investment Bank and the African Development Bank, to assess the impacts of the project. But these were gazumped when Chinese donors agreed to fund the power station. The Chinese donors did no independent environmental or social reviews.

    keep reading …

  8. There is no quetion that GERD is an out right provocation with grave consequences to the very survival of Egypt as a nation. To me, one of the most disturbing aspects is the serecy surrounding such a massive project affecting the most populous nation in Arabia can not be in interest of Africans, Arabs and beyond. But the real question here has to be, who stands to benefit?

  9. Unless Thomas is of those people who are paid to hinder Africam development, I don’t see how waging a war against Ethiopia because of Blue Nil water would cost less to the Egyptian government than treating and redirecting the Red sea or the Mediterranean sea water to irrigate its farms. Please do not waste your time playing African enemies game. Use your time to support other development pilar projects on the continent such as this.

    All major economies run on debts and Africa should not be a talking point as it is the least indebted continent on earth considering its natural resources. Leave Ethiopia alone, it has a plan and it will ensure that the electicity is distributed to its people and neighbors

    1. Go read and learn about Ethiopia’s history and especially, its current rulers and what motivates them, before you come here and spew your emotional drivel.

      1. You are right , I am always emotional when I talk about Africa development and it hurts a lot to hear Africans(sub-saharians or saharians) playing into westerners narrative that Africa has a civilisation issue, that Africa can not move beyond tribalism and ethnic divisions. We are so suspicious of each other that cannot even distinguish between right and wrong or good and bad. Our history should not define our future. We screwed up in the past and we can get it right this time. I believe a good number of our leaders today understand this…let give them a chance. At least those whi are trying to do something. Let not invent hypothetical negative outcome out of an outstanging undertaking

        What if the Nil water was decreased 40% buy drought? Do you think Egypt will not find another way to irrigate its farms, let alone the water being used for the greater good of Ethiopians and even Egyptians?

  10. Tesfa news do you know there are 7000 eritrean prostituts in ADDIS alone do you know 5000 eritreans flee to ethiopia every month …….don’t you think Eritrea has bigger problems than ethiopia then why you bark on a multi billion dollar project that will earn ethiopia a billion dollar revenue annually… you stupid skinny Eritreans


    2. Ayte belay
      How do you know the 7000 are Eritreans? is it” by the color of their eyes”. You must be pathetic and desperate. First thing first feed your dying children, stop begging begin to work and stand by your own feet. Those numbers you mentioned we have seen them and the calculus doesn’t add up simply it is Arithmetic made in dedebit. Grow up and be mature liberate your enslaved mind.

  11. I think GERD is in the book. Ethiopia has national grid. In 2015 alone Ethiopia had built 13,000 km transmission lines. By 2020 Ethiopia planned to build 22,000 km transmission lines. GERD will produce 6450mw. Under the Eastern High Way Project,funded by world bank, a 500kilovolt 2000MW high voltage line is constructed between Ethiopia and Kenya. Sudan and Djbouti are connected to ethiopia’s grid , already purchasing electricity. For your information GERD is debt free. These are some facts unknown by the author.

  12. Last year, TesfaNews had a number of in-depth articles on the Ethiopia Renaissance dam (GERD) that ended up generating an extensive discussion by its readers. One of these articles cited an MIT Experts’ study of the
    GERD project which can be read with the following link: (
    All the issues raised by the author in the above article, Mr. Mountain, and more were studied and discussed by international experts on water resources in this MIT study. Besides, experts from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan commented on the study as well reflecting their country’s points of view.

    Moreover, Mr. Mountain, needs to be reminded that the three countries have hired two French consulting groups (ARTERIA and BRL) to study the impact of GERD on the downstream countries. It has been almost a year since the consulting firms were awarded the contract.

    On the financing of the GERD, there is NO record that it is being financed by foreign banks. This is a very, very sensitive issue. And Egyptian authorities are combing with a microscopic eye to find any non Ethiopian bank that could be financing the GERD for obvious reasons. But, to be sure, suspicions are plenty.

    1. Two things:

      1) the French company hired to do the study is nothing but a political move by the parties to show something is being done about the dispute — nothing more. Hit: when was the last time you heard about this study?

      2) GERD is being financed by a complex credit agreement with Italian and Chinese companies – vis a vis their gov, of course. There is well known fact. Besides, self financing claim by TPLFites has been known to be false — not withstanding they extorted millions from poor Ethiopian businesses (in & outside) to buy unregistered junk-bond (

      1. 1. First of all, I have nothing to do with the GERD dam. Hence, I would have no reason to follow up with what the two French groups are doing. The last time I heard of these two groups being awarded the contract was right here on TesfaNews about a year ago.
        2. I don’t understand why Egypt and Ethiopia would both agree to have in impact study made only as “a political move”. It doesn’t make sense at all. You know these studies by international experts cost a lot of money. And Egypt and Ethiopia are not exactly wealthy countries.
        3. Please share your source for your claim that “GERD is being financed by a complex credit agreement with Italian and Chinese companies”. As i said in my last statement, there are many suspicions as to which country or countries could have been clandestinely embroiled in the financing of the GERD project and for what reason or reasons.

        1. If this one observer gets fired from his dishwashing job, he will blame woyane as well. He will call you stupid if you don’t accept his “evidence” on any of the crazy shit, his evidence I’m sure is ESAT. What crazy person will say the study is political. Ayye komal, so desperate

          1. Ayte muddy agame
            How do you know if one observer works just as a dishwasher? Regardless, your glaring ignorance washing dishes is a job you one can earn money and stand by its own feet. But in the land of weynae tigray the proud profession is begging, is that what you mean Ayte confused being.

  13. The writer has no information at all how Ethiopia has been building the GERD dam. This dam has been under construction solely with funds raised from Ethiopian through bond sells, donations, etc. So, which any foreign entity gave Ethiopia loan to build the dam? I am not politician but i do not like the so called ” journalist” misleading the public feeding wrong information.

  14. The Ethiopian government originally proposed the three countries;
    Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan fund operate, and own GERD. The idea behind the
    proposal was to replace the three dams; Roseires, sanner in Sudan and, Aswan
    dam in Egypt. These dams are located where evaporation rate is very high and
    building a mega dam in Ethiopia’s high land could have make sense in terms of sustainability.
    Egypt and Sudan ignored the idea thinking Ethiopia could not build a mega dam
    ever using its resources. The two
    countries were assured that major banks around the world were not going to fund
    any dam on the Nile in Ethiopia. The later getting not getting fund for the
    project was Egypt’s lifelong political campaign around the world and it has
    been working until today. Egypt also working hard to keep Ethiopia in economic grid
    lock for a long time to come by supporting cessations groups particularly in Eritrea
    to make Ethiopia land locked; that did worked too. After Eritrea’s cessation Egypt was on is deck
    resting and relaxing hopping it has done its homework to chock Ethiopia for a
    long time to come economically. In 2011 when Ethiopia announced to build GERD, Egypt
    was very pessimistic that such a poor country, Ethiopia, to pull off such a mega project
    of its own alone according to M A Salman, a fellow associate with the international
    water resources association. But, Ethiopia after its proposal to build, operate,
    and own GED turned down by Egypt and Sudan, all financial sources from international
    banks blocked; Ethiopia decided to go alone to take this mega project using local sources.

    After 6 years the project started, the project is 65% complete and it is on schedule to be complete on time. Egypt, though, is faced with a big dilemma today after sabotaging, blocking and ignoring the projects inception. The
    project is done under a contract agreement. People who are confused about the project being stopped for the lack of funds or any other reason are naïve or they don’t understand how contract works. The contract states Ethiopia to pay for work done and the company that does the work to complete the job on schedule.
    If Ethiopia or any reason stops the project at any time the company has to be paid in full regardless. One piece of information for those who are very pessimistic for the project to be completed, the Ethiopian government has made a decision from the get go to fund the project first and foremost before any other projects. In addition the Ethiopian government has decided to secure fund needed for the project 100% last year and that goal has
    been achieved. It means the project will not and can’t be stopped for a second until
    it is done.

    As far as filling the dam goes it might just take two rain seasons to fill it up given how much
    water is realized every rainy season and how much flooding takes place in Ethiopia
    and Sudan each rainy season. At the end of the day Egypt is going to be the net
    beneficiary where Egypt is going to get uninterrupted all year constant water flow.
    Take a lesson from Tekeze dam and ask the Sudanese hoe the Takeze dam has benefited
    them. At the end the only country that is going the short end of the stick is Eritrea. Egypt will come on Ethiopia side
    soon. We know it they knew it. God bless


    Here is one new development from Ethiopia. As a sign of its disgust to Egypt, Qatar ordered its propaganda outlet Al-Jazeera to open an office in Addis Ababa. Starting from today, you won’t hear any negative news about Ethiopia from Al Jazeera. On the contrary, the amount of news on Eritrea (rebels + refugees+ etc…) will be plenty.

    That’s not all. It was also decided Mohamed Taha Tewakl, an Eritrean opposition member (one time journalist) to be the director of the Al Jazeera Addis Ababa studio.

    Here is Mohamed Taha Tewakl with Aboy Sebhat Nega during the official opening of the studio.

  16. Guys, now I understand why Africa doesn’t anywhere! When you see something good, say it. Unless you are from the planet Mars, no country or continent can be industrialized without electricity and the only solution to our tribalism and petty divisions that have destroyed Africa for centuries is INDUSTRIALIZATION and creation of decent life for everyone. We should not care whether a good things come form a majority or minority. These are western definitions which only find meaning when there is a nation to apply them. These are about sharing power and governing bit you ha e to build a nation and have wealth to share before you think about sharing. We have no pie to share but we can even wait to have a pie before we start talking about sharing it. Let us support anyone who make an effort to contribute to the continent development, its education, its economic independence…regardless whether he/she is from minority or majority tribe…then we will will talk about sharing when we have something to share

    Honestly Europeans or North Americans dot care whether a president or premier minister is of Irish, Italian, British or Other Caucasian descendant. As long as she/he can deliver. The only difference is how they get to the top but we are not there yet and we have to start from somewhere. They have been down this road and these countries were first built by strongmen or elites worse than what we see in Africa as we all know. The only differnce again is that their people new to appreciate and support good deeds
    Let build and educate the continent the rest will follow

  17. This is pride of Africa project and as Eritrean I see cheap power imported after five years, which is good news. A good change is to Eritrea…

    1. Eritrea may not need an electric power supply with its ON/OFF switch is on the other side of the border. Not a chance! Rather, we will work hard to meet our energy demands by using FREE and UNLIMITED renewable energy supplied direct from mother nature – WIND, SOLAR and GEOTHERMAL. This is the only sure way to our energy independence, not the unreliable cheap power supply coming from ‘enemy’ state.

    2. Brother
      Energy is so vital and regards as a one pillar of national security. I don´t think any one in the current leadership or in the future will give that pivotal card to the real or presumed enemy. Even though there are no permanent enemies or friends in politics some staff are so momentous to just trade them off.

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