Eritrea’s Statement at 32nd Session of the UN Human Rights Council

yemane's statement at UN Human Rights CouncilStatement by HE Mr. Yemane Ghebreab,
Head of Delegation

During the Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea
32nd Session of the UN Human Rights Council

21 June 2016, Geneva

Mr. President,

Excellencies, Colleagues,

Yesterday, June 20th, was a day of remembrance and rededication in Eritrea and among Eritrean communities abroad. The people of Eritrea paid tribute to over 85,000 of their fellow citizens, men and women, who died fighting for the liberation, and then the defense, of their country and pledged to rededicate themselves to build a nation worthy of their martyrs.

Today, here in Geneva, right outside this building, thousands of Eritrean citizens are holding an all-day peaceful march calling for a fair and just treatment for their country. Many of them are recent arrivals and former national service members and they bring with them a petition to this Human Rights Council signed by160,000 Diaspora Eritreans and 40,000 friends of Eritrea.

Last month, the people of Eritrea celebrated 25 years of independence with pride and joy. They celebrated their hard-won and hard-defended independence and sovereignty, the peace, stability, security and harmony they enjoy as well as the progress they are making in the face of tremendous odds and daunting challenges and hardships.

The Commission of Inquiry denies this reality and claims that it has reasonable grounds to believe that Eritrea has committed “crimes against humanity” since the first day of its independence in May 1991. It unfairly accuses Eritrea of “enslavement, torture, persecution, rape, murder and other inhuman acts.” Stepping way over its mandate, the Commission has made the incredible judgment that the “human rights situation in Eritrea constitutes a threat to international peace and security,” as a fig leaf to try to send yet another African country to the International Criminal Court.

In its preliminary response of June 8, 2016, Eritrea has answered to these charges point by point. It has shown that the Commission has not presented solid evidence to support its grave and extreme accusations. Eritrea has also presented facts and figures that reveal that the methodology the Commission followed was so fundamentally flawed and lacked rigor and balance as to compromise its findings. The Commission has ignored all positive developments in Eritrea, including, but not limited to, any consideration of economic, social and cultural rights, violating the principle of indivisibility and complementarity of human rights. More crucially, the Commission’s case against Eritrea is legally indefensible as it fails to prove that the “crimes” it alleges committed were indeed “persistent, widespread and systematic.”

In saying this, Eritrea is not suggesting that it has achieved all its human rights goals or that over the past quarter of a century there have been no individual transgressions of human rights in the country. No country, no matter how good its human rights record, can make such a claim. Eritrea readily acknowledges that there have been instances of violations of human rights and it has taken many of the perpetrators to justice. It is also focused on strengthening the judicial system and the entire administration of justice with a view to fostering the rule of law. It has taken significant measures in this regard over the past few years.

In addition to the measures that it is taking on its own, Eritrea has embarked on an active engagement in fulfillment of its international obligations. It has appeared twice in the UPR process, accepted 92 recommendations and is actively working to implement them, including through a cooperation agreement with the United Nations. It has established fruitful cooperation with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Additionally, it has invited a number of thematic mandate holders to visit the country. To meet the needs and respond to the aspirations of its young people and to comprehensively address irregular migration, Eritrea has introduced a raft of national measures and is actively participating in regional and international arrangements. Migration figures for Eritreans are already declining and these trend needs to be sustained through enhanced cooperation.

More broadly, Eritrea, which has gone through a difficult period, is now entering a new phase in its short history as an independent nation. The economy is growing again, institutions are being built and programs that had been deferred because of more urgent priorities are back on the horizon. Eritrea’s regional and international engagement and relations are growing. Investment is coming to the country. A promising political, economic and social landscape is emerging.

Eritrea’s well known and appreciated approach to nation building, sustainable development and ensuring the fundamental freedoms and dignity of citizens is one of national ownership and responsibility. Eritrea always works to first mobilize internal resources and then seeks genuine and mutually beneficial partnerships.

The way forward must be based on fairness and justice. It must be to build on what has painstakingly been achieved in the past few years. It must be cooperation and collaboration which is already yielding important results.

On the other hand, the course of action advocated by the Commission of committing yet another injustice on Eritrea, of confrontation and escalation, can only lead – and here Eritrea does not want to mince its words – to an unmitigated disaster. It is no coincidence that the same week that the Commission released its report saw the worst outbreak of hostilities on the Eritrea-Ethiopia border since the end of the war 16 years ago. As we speak, Ethiopia is making preparations for a bigger military offensive and is contemplating a full scale war. It reckons that the gross accusations against Eritrea afford it with the perfect pretext, and that it may be now or never. It reckons that those who are only too eager to blame Eritrea will as usual look the other way and fail to act as Ethiopia commits what are truly crimes against humanity against its people and unleashes another war. It reckons that the guarantors of the 2000 peace agreement will continue to refrain from taking meaningful action to uphold international law.

In light of the unfairness of the accusations leveled against Eritrea and the gravity of its ramifications, Eritrea calls for a fair, just, constructive and collaborative approach, which in any case, must be the principle and spirit that guides the work of the HRC not only towards Eritrea, but for all countries.

Finally, Eritrea has tabled a constructive draft resolution reflecting its commitments and proactive stance to consolidate human rights and it calls on all member states to support it.

Thank you!

Commission of inquiry on Eritrea – 32nd Regular Session of Human Rights Council

42 thoughts on “Eritrea’s Statement at 32nd Session of the UN Human Rights Council

    1. He is precise because he is a pathological liar? He is ridding that little poor country down a hill with his masters and that is why we call him precise.

      1. What is his lie? In fact the guy admitted shortcominhs in terms of human rights issue of the government…where is the lie, plus he is a politician and if he tells a lie he is not the first or the last….now go back to sleep!

  1. Norway’s statement during interactive dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea

    32nd session of the Human Rights Council from 13 June – 1 July 2016

    Mr President,

    Norway thanks the Commission of Inquiry for its report and takes note of its recommendations. As a longstanding friend of Eritrea and its people, we are deeply concerned by the reports of grave human rights violations and lack of accountability for crimes committed.

    Norway is committed to strengthen our engagement with the Government of Eritrea. Our aim continues to be to improve the human rights situation in the country and strengthening accountability. The implementation of Universal Periodic Review and the recommendations of other human rights mechanisms should continue. We welcome the visit made to Eritrea by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

    We also welcome Eritrea’s expressed commitment to strengthen the judiciary and improve conditions of detention, in collaboration with the UN system, including the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

    Eritrea is party to several international human rights conventions, among them the CAT, CCPR, CED, CRC and CEDAW. These treaties establish state obligations that put the rights and needs of individuals at the centre. Accountability and transparency at every level of government for the implementation of these instruments is urgently needed.

    We understand that Eritrea has extended invitations to several thematic special rapporteurs and we urge the UN and Eritrea to cooperate to make these visits happen as soon as possible, to the benefit of the Eritrean people.

    In particular, and in line with Norwegian human rights policy, we urge Eritrea to create and maintain a safe and enabling environment for civil society, human rights defenders and journalists.

    Norway also welcomes the Commission’s recommendation for Member States to insist on the implementation of the decision made on 13 April 2002 by the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission on the delimitation of the border.

    Thank you

  2. “Eritrea was last week accused of crimes against humanity by the UN commission tasked with investigating allegations against the government of that country. Today, Eritrea held two meetings on a resolution that it is submitting designed to undercut the much stronger, condemnatory resolution also being submitted at the session.”

    Read more :

  3. Pakistan, Cuba, Venezuela, China, Egypt, Sudan, Norway, Saudi Arabia, etc…etc… politely rejects COI recommendations and instead urge to engage the Eritrean government on Human Rights issues. The council will be debating a resolution tabled by Eritrea as Eritrea put it as the only way forward for a meaningful engagement and promotion of human rights. Clearly, COI failed to achieve any of its original plan and that’s a great victory for Eritrea by itself.

    1. COI will never ever achieve its goals since it’s biased and unprofessional, thus many nations rejected COI directly or indirectly/politely.

    2. I have been following this an ending drama for long time , we’re sick of it!!! Eritrea should’nt be dragged into this , my personal suggestion is this:Eritrea already has tabled a constructive draft resolution , if they don’t accept that let them do whatever they want to do, in the mean time Eritrea should declare keetharuth as persona non grata !! As UN member states Eritrea has the right to declare any person as persona non grata .Eritrea can’t work with this idiot woman.It really cost us time and money do you guys no how much money Eritrean are spending including our officials in their country in the name of human right. They know noting really going on in Eritrea ,they are dragging it to occupy us because we Eritrean do not fit with their agenda.

      Stay strong!

      1. Yes sister, they know nothing is going on in Eritrea. The people very happy with their government and they are praying for PIA to stay healthy and strong..

    3. Are you really seriously taking these mentioned countries genuinely believe Eritrea did not commit a “crime against humanity”? Come on, let your sole, mind, heart work to come to right judgment. One of the major motivating factor for countries to refuse the report because the same countries are also accused of committing crimes against human race.

      1. If those countries that are rejecting the stupid report are accused of having their own human rights issues, how about the countries that give support to the flawed report like Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, Ukraine, etc …? Do not tell me they have splendid human rights records in their respective country? I hope you are not joking.

        1. Right, forget these countries , lets say they might might have committed similar crime. How about the EU, US, and others that are known for good human right records?

          1. Sham Sulieman,
            I do not know where you live, but if “Sham Sulieman” is your real name, you are automatically a THIRD CLASS CITIZEN in either EU or US. A black person with an English name will be treated better than you and people with similar names like yours. If you are unlucky, you will be in Guantanamo Bay and if your are lucky, your name will be in the No-Fly-List.

  4. በዓል ሓንጀመንጂ ተስፋ ዝቆረጹ ይመስሉ !!! ከምዚ ከአ ይብሉs

    Selam Kidane posted on her Facebook:

    “As you may all know ICC is a bit of a contentious issue particularly with African states and some elsewhere too. So we may not get an explicit referral to ICC but we don’t have to swim with that tide, like dead fish, if it doesn’t suit us. We will, therefore, continue to call for it.”

  5. If the gov of Eritrea had a desire to be vindicated of the alleged crimes against its citizens, it should have allowed the commission to enter the country to carry out their investigations. You cannot defend your innocence while asked to prove it. It sounds like I saw a killer but I don’t want to tell you. You should either clear up all the allegations directed at you through legal process or accept it and send those involved to Huge.

    1. How can Shela be in partial ,fair and objective once she was working of the amnesty they gave her a mission to overthrow the government of Eritrea.

      1. Can you provide an evidence whoch shows Shela had a mission to over throw a gov in Eritrea? Please give one evidence. If you can’t provide evidence, just don’t respond. Go away.

        1. Well, what kind of evidence are you looking for? Should it have the White House seal and wet signed by President Obama?
          Don’t you know the history of Eritrea since 1941? That should give you ALL THE EVIDENCES YOU NEED.

        2. Go away? Don’t you know the commission was set as Jaboot and failed state Somalia sponsors, can you imagine? …they accuse of some crime and they use countries that are against you…i think you are blinded…there is a human rights issue in Eritrea and as Mr Yemane clearly stated the government is workjng with the right UN body….inflated and bogus storiez concocted by an asylum seeker is used and this could be a disaster for the region and may Lead to millions more dead and dislocated….this is a trend was.have seennin the pas 15 years…..powerful countries intervening in the name of “human rights” wake up and watch the news to see the reality of those countries. …we will be the ones who will fix it for it is is that fought and defended the country as the whole world quietly watched from the sidelines….now you think they are going to help you? you must live under a rock!

    2. The whole process of specific country mandate singling out Eritrea was not right. Worst is it is sponsored by Ethiopia and the resolution to appoint Special rapporteur was tabled by none other than Somalia and Djibouti. Why singling out Eritrea among all the countries in Africa that commit horrendous crimes in a broad day light and why with out consulting Eritrea?

      The worst part is Shiela burn the bridge deliberately soon after her appointment, she gave a damning report accusing Eritrean government of human right abuses. After destroying Eritrea through a campaign of media, shiela the ugly whore has no shame to ask for access to Eritrea to investigate her claims. She is one wirdo bastard. That is how she burned all possible relation and compromise with the government. Investigation should come first. Not enough. When the commission was created based on her report, she become selected as one of the three members of the Commission. That also killed all possible relation with the Commission either.

      Now Eritrea has to IGNORE this bastards all together and work ONLY with the Human Rights Council and the universal periodic review mechanism. That is one and only. To slap Shiela and the commission, Eritrea invited the UN human rights council to ASMARA and held talks and visit prisons. Siela and co will NEVER get this chance EVER. Eritrea has to implement all the recommendations on the UPR and show the council how effective the engagement was and that way COI and Shiela the bastardo will be rendered irrelevant. We shall see if any one come and talk to us why we didn’t allow these bastards to the country. COI is now effectively rendered useless and no one is taking its recommendations serious. Look how many countries just ignored the recommendations at all?

    3. Miriam Saleh:
      You NEVER, NEVER allow your enemy into your own home. NEVER!
      The Commission of Inquiry is a FABRICATOR OF LIES. Anybody with a
      little intelligence knows that.

    4. How would you respond if a panel of 3 people suspected you of a theft with no proof (except with an accuser that they will not disclose to you) but still they want to search your purse? Would you allow them?
      You should never allow anyone to search your purse, unless they have a valid proof.
      Never allow, especially if you know they are your enemies.

  6. The work that led by our Leadership specially by Mr. YEMANE GHEBREAB in
    the past is bringing Fruits. Surprisingly, many European countries
    and the EU delegation strive for a dialogue and work together with
    Eritrean government to conduct the development approach of the
    country. Noteworthy south Americans particularly Cuba and Venezuela
    Nicaragua declared the COI report obstacle and is violating in the
    name of human rights internal affairs. from our neighboring country
    suden I am positive surprised to see the matter how they are. Thanks
    sudan for haven delivered the truth. The Traitors (supposedly
    Eritreans) on behalf of human rights serving woyan grant them god
    the torrents of darkness.
    awet nhafash

  7. Germany popular newspaper (Süddeutsche Zeitung): Accuse Ethiopia to violate boundary agreement.
    News In Germany Language
    Es ist ein leise schwelender Konflikt,
    dem die internationale Diplomatie zuletzt wenig Beachtung gewidmet hat;
    andere Krisen in der Region, der islamistische Terror in Somalia etwa,
    erschienen dringender. Dabei ist es ein Konflikt, dessen Auswirkungen
    auch in Europa ankommen – in Gestalt junger Männer in Flüchtlingsbooten,
    sofern sie nicht auf dem Weg ertrunken oder schon vorher auf dem Marsch
    durch die Wüste verdurstet sind. Und
    in diesen Tagen droht der Grenzstreit zwischen Eritrea und Äthiopien
    abermals zu eskalieren. Die eritreische Regierung jedenfalls hat jetzt
    einen Hilferuf an die Vereinten Nationen gerichtet: Der mächtige Nachbar
    im Süden bereite momentan eine “größere Militäroffensive” vor und
    erwäge offenbar einen “regelrechten Krieg”.
    Dass die äthiopische Seite einem solchen Szenario nicht völlig
    abgeneigt ist, hatte die Regierung in Addis Abeba vorige Woche
    durchblicken lassen, in einer Warnung an Eritreas Präsident Isaias
    Afewerki: “Wir hoffen, dass er nicht den Fehler wiederholt, uns in einen
    offenen Krieg zu verwickeln”, stand da. Anlass waren Gefechte an der
    gemeinsamen Grenze, die vorletzten Sonntag ausbrachen. Was genau nahe
    der Kleinstadt Tserona passierte, ist im Detail schwer zu ermitteln,
    aber offenbar kamen Panzer und schwere Artillerie zum Einsatz. Beide
    Seiten beschuldigten sich dann gegenseitig, angefangen zu haben. Eritrea
    behauptete, man habe mehr als 200 äthiopische Soldaten getötet und mehr als 300
    verletzt – nach “konservative Schätzungen”. Ein äthiopischer
    Regierungssprecher bestätigte, dass es zu Gefechten gekommen sei; man
    habe “angemessen” auf “Provokationen” reagiert. Auf beiden Seiten seien
    viele Kämpfer gestorben, auf eritreischer Seite allerdings mehr.
    Auch wenn die “Details nebulös und umstritten” sind, wie das
    Konfliktforschungsinstitut International Crisis Group (ICG) schreibt,
    handle es sich um die “schwersten konventionellen Gefechte seit Langem”.
    Mindestens acht “nennenswerte Ausbrüche” von Gewalt habe es in den
    vergangenen fünf Jahren gegeben, oft unter Beteiligung von Rebellen, die
    von der jeweiligen Gegenseite unterstützt werden.
    Die Sorge, dass die jüngsten Gefechte eine größere Katastrophe
    auslösen könnten, gründet sich auf Erfahrungen: Auch der letzte offene
    Krieg zwischen den beiden Ländern, die sich erst 1993 nach jahrzehntelangem Bürgerkrieg voneinander getrennt hatten, wurde im Mai 1998 von lokal begrenzten Scharmützeln ausgelöst. Er dauerte zwei Jahre, mindestens 70 000 Menschen starben. Eine Kommission, gestützt von den UN und der Afrikanischen Union, legte 2002
    den Grenzverlauf zwischen beiden Ländern im Detail fest – und schlug
    die Kleinstadt Badme, wo der Krieg begonnen hatte, Eritrea zu. Bis heute
    aber weigert sich Äthiopien,
    seine Truppen aus Badme abzuziehen, obwohl die Kleinstadt strategisch
    als wenig bedeutend gilt. Allerdings fürchtet die Regierung offenbar
    einen Gesichtsverlust, wenn sie aus dem symbolträchtigen Ort abzieht:
    Soll all das äthiopische Blut im Kampf um Badme umsonst vergossen
    worden sein?
    So verstößt Äthiopien seit 14 Jahren
    kontinuierlich gegen das Völkerrecht, hört dafür jedoch aus dem Ausland
    kaum Kritik. Weder von der Afrikanischen Union, deren Zentrale es in der
    Hauptstadt Addis Abeba beherbergt, noch vom Westen, dessen wichtigster
    Verbündeter es in der Region ist – vor allem im Kampf gegen
    islamistische Terrorgruppen in Somalia.
    Das kleinere Eritrea dagegen sieht sich, nicht zuletzt wegen dieser
    Ungleichbehandlung in der internationalen Diplomatie, von Feinden
    umzingelt. Den schwelenden Grenzkonflikt nimmt das Regime zum Anlass,
    die Gesellschaft ständig im Zustand der Militarisierung zu halten. Jeder
    volljährige Eritreer, Mann oder Frau, muss einen zeitlich unbegrenzten
    “nationalen Dienst” leisten; in der Armee oder in einem zivilen Sektor.
    Diese Zwangsarbeit gilt als eine der wichtigsten Ursachen dafür, dass
    jeden Monat mehr als 3000 Menschen aus
    Eritrea fliehen. Ein UN-Bericht, vor zwei Wochen veröffentlicht, wirft
    dem Regime systematische Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit vor und
    empfiehlt, “die Lage in Eritrea dem Chefankläger des Internationalen
    Strafgerichtshofs zur Prüfung vorzulegen.”
    Aber auch der äthiopischen Regierung werden schwere
    Menschenrechtsverletzungen vorgeworfen: Einem Bericht der
    Menschenrechtsorganisation Human Rights Watch zufolge haben
    Sicherheitskräfte seit November mehr als 400
    Menschen in der Region Oromia getötet – bei Protesten gegen
    Regierungspläne, die Hauptstadt Addis Abeba auszuweiten und dafür Bauern
    zu enteignen. Zudem kämpft das Land mit den Folgen der schwersten Dürre
    seit Jahrzehnten. Kritischen Beobachtern zufolge bietet der
    Grenzkonflikt beiden Regierungen nicht zuletzt die Chance, von anderen
    Problemen abzulenken. Eine altbekannte Logik – und für beide Seiten
    höchst ruinös.


  8. Dear Eritreans,

    Don’t ask me to prove you how I got my feeling, as I am not religious (may be spiritual), but I have a great feeling that this Bogus COI report is actually going to backfire on them and benefit us; it will soon be the demise of Woyane & their supporters. Just imagine how many non-Eritreans have learned about Eritrea just recently (since 24 May 2016)? I also have not doubt 100% of those people, which includes diplomats have finally come to realize of the negative stories they heard of Eritrea before 24 May 2016 was completely bogus. It seems like the more the UN tries to use their COI to destroy the good name of Eritrea, the more people are finding out the only truth about Eritrea, thanks to the relentless efforts of our leaders and above all, the efforts of Eritrean Shaebia all over the planet teaching everyone the true & beautiful colors of Eritrea.

    The corrupt leaders of UN/USA are finding out what a mess they have started, what an up-hill battle they have created for themselves and are about to find out that Eritreans are Unique People that the UN/USA shall no more mess with. It is fresh in their mind how they were embarrassed by the Mighty EPLF and Shaebia of Eritrea in 24 May 1991. We became victorious against all odds, when we have only the mountains of Sahel, we prove them again how to be victorious in not so known to be mountainous places like Tsorona, Zalambessa, and Asseb again, against all odds (despite Woyane being supported by: USA Satellite images of Eritrean fighter positions, Chinese and North Korean Weapons, Israeli upgrades of Woyane Air Force, and worst of all, hired for $$ Mercenary Pilots from Russia and Ukraine). While defending our boarders, we also proved them that we are excellent at multi-tasking in being able to feed our people despite of drought that has become the hunger story of poor people under the leadership of Woyane, although are pampered with food stamp by the white community of the world.

    … And now PFDJ and all Eritreans are beating the corrupt system of UN/USA at their own games, in the streets of the west and in their offices at the Hague. They are finding out, the old files used in Iraq, Libya, Syria, Somalia, … will never work in Eritrea. We Eritreans are not worried about ICC or any other court as all of our leaders are protected by every Eritrean living inside and outside Eritrea. Our fight is only to show them that we will beat them at their own games.
    Eternal Glory to Our Martyrs !!!

    1. B.Adal
      Yes Bravo that is a precise & true history of Eritrea.One can’t expect Justice from the Enemy, who is the cause of all misery Eritreans suffered for the past 150 years and more. Let we as Eritreans are able to solve all our problems, defend our country Hands off Eritrea & Eritreans. Let us keep our unity for it is , where our secret lays. Forget these the so called COI, UN, AU & EGAD. Do you know why COI failed ? b/c they represented by failed states such as Somalia & Djibouti, whose Representatives for Somalia may be brought him from Hotel in Kenya & Gulud of Djibouti a governor of Djibouti who make his living by hiring this port town for bases and ports.

  9. Shame on you Ethiopia

    Not long ago Ethiopia qas an advocate for the movement that was calling out for reform of ICC and was behind the cause of “ICC unfairly targeting African leaders”…fast forward and an embarrassing flip flop to say if nothing came out of this commission ‘s report, “it will undermine the credebility of the institutions” talk about double standard! When do this people learn diplomacy?… short is thier memory..god help us…this shows what thier mentality toward Eritrea is …by any means….see Eritrea undermined and fail..i wonder what the rest of Africa will think of this flip flop?

  10. Ethiopia and Eritrea border has been one of highly fortified border in the world for a long time, for about 12 years. This area is one of the corner of the world where war can be spark anytime and can get out of control. A lot of observers and journalist has been calling the area one of highly militarized border of the world. Eritrea has been amassing its army in the area and Ethiopia has been doing likewise. An Eritrean official going out and telling the world as if something new is happening in this part of the world is mockeries. Eritrea however being on the receiving end of human right commissions verdict has to come up with some kind of excuse to justify its crime against humanity against its own people. To do so , Eritrea has been pushing Ethiopia to start war with Eritrea so that Eritrea can have some justification for its crime and the blame would go to Ethiopia if Ethiopia takes actions therefore Eritrea has been for war very recently than ever to get off the hook from UN verdict. Ethiopia has been a scapegoat in most cause for anything Eritrea and Eritreans miss-handling of their issues on local or international stage. It is not Ethiopia but Eritrea, rather, pushing Ethiopia to go war in order for Eritrea to present itself as a victim on the international stage as Eritrea is pressed by UN Human right Commission for crime against humanity. After waiting patiently for more than ten years for Eritrea to go away without any bloodshed, I don’t see any reason as to why for Ethiopia to start a war at this junction when Eritrea is on its last adventure to death row. I personally believe the Eritrean leaders not only lost in governing but also they don’t have any diplomatic luster to convince anyone in their argument.

    1. Says the stooge analyst! This is not TOL go there and do it to people who clap for you on your dead analysis that fits their hate agenda!

    2. Erta

      You people never never understand, because you never have been independent always dependent on the West, without them u can’t survive ( Sorry for generalization) Back to history from Portuguese, who assist u against Gragine, and get your Independence from Italians thanks the British. It is along history never u stand alone. Fought against Eritrea with full support once by USA and then by the Soviet. So why blame Eritrea, which fought u with full confidence relaying on its youth, who have blood in their vein for their people and country.

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