Eritrea Launched the Health Sector Strategic Development Plan II (2017-2021)

Eritrea's five year health sector strategic development plan - HSSDP II
Eritrea’s five year health sector strategic development plan – HSSDP II – includes the new strategic vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), besides designed to address the unfinished targets of the MDGs as well as the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets.


The Launching of the second Health Sector Strategic Development Plan (HSSDPII) was held on 2 June 2017 at Orotta National Referral Hospital Conference Hall.

The development of the HSSDP II for Eritrea for the period 2017-2021 was led by the Ministry of Health, with the participation of other Government Sectors, Partners and relevant stakeholders.

In it’s formulation, recommendations from the mid-term review previously conducted on key achievements and challenges during the implementation of the HSSDP I and health sector situation analysis were used.

The main objective of the HSSDP II is to provide the medium term strategic directions for the health sector for the attainment of the Eritrean health aspirations, appropriate contribution to the national development and global health agenda.

In that spirit, the launching ceremony brought together different stakeholders namely: MOH officials and members of the steering committee, UN Agencies, Civil Society Organizations, Orotta School of Medicine, line ministries, Zonal Medical Officers, PHARMECOR, College of Health Science, National Statistics Office, National Blood Transfusion Center, National and Zonal Referral Hospitals, who committed to maintaining their involvement as demonstrated during the development process of the HSSDP II during implementation.

The HSSDPII was officially launched by Her Excellency Ms Amina Nurhussen, Minister of Health. She congratulated those who have worked tirelessly to produce the Health Sector Strategic Development Plan II and thanked WHO for the commitment shown and support provided.

Furthermore, she stressed the fact that this HSSDP II included the new strategic vision of Universal Health Coverage, addressing the unfinished targets of the MDGs as well as the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets. She underlined the concept of “All for Health, Health for All and hence, Health in All Policies.”

There were several presentations made mainly by Mr Tewelde Yohannes, Policy and Planning Division Director who presented the foundation of promoting the concept of “health in all policies”. He highlighted the key areas of this strategy emphasizing the main shift from basic health care to essential health care.

Furthermore, a presentation by Dr Andebrhan Tesfatsion, Director General of Public Health highlighted the SDGs as a foundation to actions outlined in the HSSDP II and therefore the need for a multi-sectoral approach to it’s implementation.

The WHO Representative to Eritrea, Dr Josephine Namboze, congratulated the Ministry of Health for taking the lead and acknowledged partners involvement in the process. She specially thanked Her excellency Hon. Minister of Health Mrs Amina Nurhussien for creating an enabling environment and establishing a steering committee and various technical working groups who have worked tirelessly towards fulfilling the expectations.

She emphasized that the launching event marked not only the official pronouncement of the document, but also calls and opens the door to start the journey for joint implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

The implementation of HSSDP II has started with individual Zoba operational planning which will be followed through in the next few months.

High Level Achievements in the Annual Health Sector Report of 2016

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29 thoughts on “Eritrea Launched the Health Sector Strategic Development Plan II (2017-2021)

  1. Health Sector Strategic Renovation (HSSDPII over-viewed)

    (25 November 2016) – The Ministry of Health (MoH) has conducted a consensus and validation meeting upon a new draft focusing on a Five year strategic development plan of the health sector.

    The discussion, led by higher officials from the Ministry as well as representatives of the World Health Organization (WHO), has taken a span of two days to validate the proposed draft of strategic development.

    The Ministry confirmed a cluster of motives for the development of this new strategy on the basis of global and country level consideration. Henceforth, the need for a renewed focus and efforts to meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda and achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by looking at its prerequisites in terms of refocusing on services to ensure integrated and people centred care, building resilient health systems and ensuring health security. On the domestic consideration side, the country’s commitment to the global agenda, the health sector contribution to the national agenda were shortlisted in the meeting.

    Mr. Berhane Gebretensae, Director General of the medical services at the MoH, stated that this new strategy (the HSSDPII) is designed to meet up:

    1) the strategic planning processes at the national level including: Program based planning (e.g. HIV, NCD, malaria, etc.), with the HSSDP II providing targets and key interventions, the System investment strategies (e.g. HRH, infrastructure, financing, etc.), with the HSSDPII providing targets and key interventions.

    2) to inform the budgeting process through identification of priorities for funding during the budget cycles of the period covered within the plan.

    1. To this date, the Eritrean health sector has managed to show progress on:

      – life expectancy,
      – maternal mortality reduction,
      – infant mortality reduction,
      – under five age mortality,
      – expansion of health services as well as in controlling communicable diseases.

      Based on the 2015 data from the Ministry, life expectancy presently is registered having the average of 64.7 compared to 49 in 1995, while the average rate for the African continent stagnates at 60 years of age.

      The Maternal Mortality figure has significantly decreased from 1,590 in early nineties to 501 in 2015.

      Considering the under-five years of age mortality rates per 1,000 live births displayed a downward slope in the graph assessed (151 in 1990 and just 47 in 2015).

      Likewise the infant mortality rate is on the same pattern. While progresses in controlling the spread of communicable diseases were also documented properly as they recognize the vigorous efforts of health personnel distributed throughout the nation.

      About 60% decline in TB incidence, prevalence and mortality over a 25 year period, 54% decline in HIV prevalence over a ten year period (2005 – 2015), 45% increase in skilled birth attendance over a five year period (2010 – 2015), 91% reduction in malaria incidence (the country at present is at the malaria pre-elimination stage) were among the achievements the sector prospered well.

      (Source :

      1. TN:
        But u missed the following:
        -more than 300,000 Eritreans fled the Nation in the last 10 years–second to Syria??

        -Eritrea is on the bottom in Develpopment Index

        -Only 20-25 % of High School Grads enter College but 10% of those drop College
        -An average of 2-3000 Eritreans flee the nation every month,mostly the Youth and EDF members
        -The Private Sectors of the Economy and Education are banned
        –The Only African Nation without Constitution
        -One of the very few Nations in the world that does not allow Prisoners to defend themselves and not to see their loved ones
        Talk about these serious issues rather than picking up selectively on the partial success in the Public Health Sectors but forgetting that Eritrea has the Worst Progress in Tertiary Medical Care in clouding no basic drug program .
        The alleged success in Public Health is not a privilege but an obligation .

          1. The difference between you and me is that the glass is always half empty for you but its half full for me.

            I am quick to celebrate Eritrea’s hard earned successes, small or big. Call it an optmist.

            You denounce or belittle the gains by capitalizing on the loses or shortcomings. It’s called a pessimist.

            Now, am I responsible for your sadist nature?

          2. TN:
            Thanks for your feedback .
            First of,I am not a sadist or Zpessimist but u know who he is one.
            Let us be serious.
            Am not denouncing but acknowledging both sides of the GoE’s performanace inn contrast to your one sided bravado.
            My nick at was a PFDJ Apologist for acknowledging and celebratingvEritrea’s success,irrespective of its magnitude.
            I am just criticizing u for not criticizing thevGoE for not doing better .
            Now,focus on my list of grievances and give me your feedback as :
            -to why we are not doing what we are supposed to do as a Government and as a People
            -what should be done to do better –what are the obstacles and what could be the solutions to the obstacle.
            Please,do NOT tell me what I know already–about the CIA,the M16,the UN,the TPLF,etc..,
            As someone challenged you,let us have a courage to call a spade,a spade and debate constructively on those hot issues I put forward.
            Remember that I am not bluffing for the sake of doing so but based on my experience and based on the facts on the ground.

          3. Thanks,TN.
            I am not ‘ignorant’….and U better change this culture of name-calling and character assassination of every body ,who is trying to have a different opinion and idea, which has made your site a’ filthy” one due to the keidi-albo- Vulgar language your Forumers use,which you seem to be the Leader in/of.
            I have all the original data at hand way before u have an access to them.
            I have a FIRST Hand Info from Colleagues at Home and face-to-face debate/discussion with them.
            I am talking about lots of loopholes and weakness that could have been improved with a minimum effort and minor Policy Changes and my “Ignorant” debate is based on what the stake-holders have told me, not just based on “skewed” and biased Statistics.
            There are major and basic aspects/parameters that you are deliberately missing:
            -Constitutional Governance(I care less about Elections and let PIA be the President for life as long as Justice prevails)
            -Lack of Strong Institutions-the Back Bone of Quality in all aspects of Development
            -Lack of Freedom of Conscience, Freedom of Creativity, Freedom of Education and Freedom to do business.
            -Total ban of the Private Sector of our Economy including the ban of Diaspora Investment, which are the back Bone of any Nation….
            -Total ban of our Private Education System(Allowing only 2-3 Private High Schools and Few Primary Schools is but nothing in a nation where Private Education System used to be the back bone of the same nation(X-Province).
            Please,TN,give me some data to correct and educate myself about
            the above ESSENTIAL Core Measures for thevDevelopment of any Nation.

          4. Brother, you sounded like mulaq tsesterat! you need your mental state checked and rearranged to better your vision of life and Eritrea.

          5. TN:
            Tell me Why I should be surprised by the PFDJ Style arrogance…
            Picking up on and having some Achievements should not keep Eritrea and Eritreans
            hostages from doing much better.
            U should have addressed my points deligently and professionally.
            Oops,I forgot that there is No Deligence,Accountability,Responsibilty and Progessionalism in the PFDJ World,I guess,as some would declare it.
            As a courtesy,let me re-enforce and reiterate what I attempted to say:
            We need to work for:
            -Constitutional Governance
            -Strong Institutions
            -Well structured Economic and Education Policy
            -Total involvement of the Citizens in general and the Diaspora in particular in all aspects of Development
            If we achieve the above,then the sky will be the limit, as Eritreans are the easiest people to govern and they will do the impossible and will achieve the seemingly unachievable if history is to be their witness .
            That is my entire message:
            Do NOT keep Eritrea and Eritreans hostages!

          6. Forgetting the CIA, MI6 and the UN the obstacle and hindrance is YOU and the likes of YOU, who are fooled and filled with jargon to propagate hate against Eritrea and Eritreans !!!

          7. Hahah,Dude,u cannot be Wedi Nacfa at all.
            Do not mess in Nacfa’s name.
            It is a sacred name almost equivalent to:’Bizeikay Kalii’ Amlakh yelen and Shim Amlakh(Read:Nacfa) bi kentu aitisewii’
            Wishing and seeking for the best interest of Eritrea andcEritrreans cannot be considered as hating Eritrea.

        1. Two three years ago you use to say the same thing. II do not know where you get your stat but TN gave you the correct stat. Instead of calling an acknowledgement to an achivement “bravado” why not recognise and then suggest improvement….it is called constructive criticism. No one is perfect including you as individual GOE is a resource strapped government has been for a while..only doing the basics…once you achive the basics then yiu move on to bigger and better things…Eritrean incone as a nation is improving tnx to resources revenue and will only increase from now on. Watch out.

        2. 300 000 /3= 100 000 maxi – the rest being tigrayans pretending to be Eritreans 🙂 well tried ugum, wait your time, we will pick you up one by one in every country, it is a matter of time! Hassadat!

        3. Your reason is wrong. Do you know there are around one million illegal Ethiopians in Saudi Arabia and more than two million in Sudan. But nobody talks about this. What about the Afrikans who arefollowing Eritreans in seaWhy their constitution did not stop them from fleeing.
          Base your argument on national have to understand the conspiracy heched against our country.
          Considering the unjust sanction we are progressing well. We have to say where we were. The future is bright we will C ommplish everything soon

        4. There are more than one million illegal Ethiopians in Saudi Arabia and more than two million in Sudan. But nobody is talking about this. What about the hundred thousands Africans who are following the Eritreans in the sea. Why their constitution did not stop them from fleeing their country.
          Our educational progress is tremendous. Where were we yesterday and where are we now. Look the collages built from time to time.
          Think about national salvation. All the conspiracies heched against our country and the unjust sanctions. We are progressing well and forget the talk of or followers. Our future is bright everything will be settled.

        5. So what Nobody forced them out. And they will be back any time home. Don’t worry.
          By the way do you know there are more than one million illegal Ethiopians in Saudi Arabia and more than two million in Sudan. But no one speak about this. And why hundred thousands Afrikans are following in the sea Libia.why their constitution did not prevent them from fleeing.
          Our educational progress is impressive. Where were we before and where are we now. Do you follow the construction of new collages.
          Think first about national salvation. Choose priorities don’t mix every thing like the a Eritrea is on the right direction every thing will resolved.

  2. Dear
    Brothers and sisters,

    us not entertain only clapping for good or bad done by the government.
    Different opinion and viewpoint only enriches our mind and commitment to Greater

    the minister is saying is only words without action.

    cannot plan to improve to what you don’t have before you are able to maintain
    and improve what you had.

    agree many hospitals and clinics are built after independence but there are no
    doctors because they are underpaid. There is no medicine in Eritrea.

    is no reliable electricity. No water and no proper funds for improving and
    maintaining the hospitals and clinics.

    is only because we have no doctors and enough equipment that we are depending
    on Sudan for any big and small things from Eritrea. Is that not a shame when
    the Sudanese were coming to our DEGEN for medication during the struggle for
    liberation and now after we are free to depend on Sudan because we have failed
    to have a decent Hospitals and clinics.

    cannot have a decent hospitals without the involvement of the private sector.

    cannot have only “Ministry of Health” to have a 4 years plan without
    the remaining ministries having coordinated plan for the same 4 years because
    you need the involvement of many ministries to go with it.

    cannot have 4 years plan without a transparent budget. How much money are we earning
    from Mining? From Rental of bases? Fishing? Etc.

    is no transparency as a whole and there is no responsibility and

    Therefore, let us not
    live on dreams we have to wake up and see things critically and not believe on
    any jargon and empty promise like this

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