Justice Ministry Publicizes Decree on Intellectual Property and Art Products Copyrights Claim

Finally, a proclamation that gives the deserved inviolable and exclusive rights to the respective owner of an intellectual property or producer of art products is out.

By Yosief Abraham Z.,

On its first part publicized publication which would be followed by a second part publication on the upcoming 17 February of 2017 edition, Eritrea’s Justice Ministry announced lawful regulatory proclamations concerning to intellectual property and art package copyrights.

According to the publication on Haddas Ertra, the Ministry elaborates that

“as literary and art products, innovation and creativities are intangible property of the mind, in deed, they are abstract properties of their respective owners and are protected under this law.”

Asserted that the claims of copyrights for art products and intellectual properties are influenced by dynamic factors but mammoth impacts of technological advancements in science and human development, the Ministry accentuated that

“there is no any doubt that such products and claims have to be protected from illegal infringements, intentional breach of the law and tacit encroachment.”

Taking this into account, the Ministry declared that authors’ products, encompassing literati outcomes, articles, sermons, drama and theatrical performances, computers’ program, musical compositions, audio products, photographs, works related to mapping, collected poems and short stories, among others, are protected under the law thus to give an exclusive copyright to the respective owner/owners.

Based on this decree, therefore, the laws clearly elaborated

“the one who is affirmed as owner of the intellectual property or producer of art products has hereby deserved with inviolable and exclusive rights to publish, distribute and follow all legal paths to publicize his/her art products.”

Through this, therefore, only the author/or the inventor has the power to give or reject any offers, sign or deny any contractual agreements and accept or refute any translation requests.



In addition to this, the newly revised and expanded laws and their consequential articles declared art products and inventions—after registered—are like the tangible properties and are transferable to notified legatees after the death of their respective owner, inventor, producer or author.

It is clearly indicated that the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works demand countries have first to implement their laws concerning art products and intellectual properties effectively as prerequisite to join the ‘Berne Union.’ Centered to this, therefore, the Justice Ministry announced that—as the Berne Convention states– all works have been clearly declared with their clear terms and years for applying the copyright privileges.

Reports have been slamming countries like Ethiopia—a country that is not signatory to the Berne Convention which has been effective since 5 December of 1887- has been alleged for producing Eritrean musical products without any copyrights affirmations.

>> ALSO READ : Ethiopia: Talentless TPLF Cadres Copying Eritrean Art

With effective applications of its local laws, the Justice Ministry of Eritrea expects to pave ways for joining the Universal Copyright Convention of the Geneva and Paris Act (UCC Geneva and UCC Paris) thereby to foster its citizens’ claims of intellectual properties and art products privilege at international arena.

The Ministry asserts that it is going to publicize second part of this vital law on the upcoming 17 February of 2017 publication of “Haddas Ertra,” a state-owned Tigrigna newspaper.

I am going to craft the article then thus to manifest how registration have to be made, timeframe for the copyrights-holders’ and consequential impacts of any intentional and unintentional acts infringements.



Yosief Abraham Z is a freelance-journalist and he can be contact at [email protected] or follow him on twitter @asmeracare.

  • ABOUT TIME

    GREAT NEWS! Its about TIME! This is really great news. No more copying Eritrean Arts!

    • Bini

      What happend to the new constitution which was supposed to be implemented in 2018? I guess it will never be implemented because PIA cant lead with constition in place.

  • MUST READ: “ገበናዊ መርበብ ተስፊት ኣብርሃን ጉጅልኡን”
    ሓቂ ብርእሳ እንተ ቀበርካያ ብእግራ ትወጽእ
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    እዚ ብቀጻሊ ተቆራሪጹ ኣብ ሾሻል ሜድያ ዬቱብ ዝዝርጋ ድራማታት ቃለ መሕተታት ደርፍታት መደባት ሃገራዊ ብዓላትን ወዘተን ብከመይን ብመንን ከም ዝዝርጋሕን ካብኡ ዝርከብ ኣታዊ ተጠቀምቱ ብዓል መንዬም ሓሲብክሙሉ ትፈልጡዶ? እንብኣር ሎሚ ብመሰረት ዝኣተናኩም ቃል ገለ ክፋሉ ክንምልስ ኢና።

    ብገንዘብ ህዝብን መንግስትን ኤርትራ ሞያ ቀሲሞም ከብቅዑ ነቲ ዝቀሰምዎ ሞያ ኣምሳያ ነቲ ዝምሃሮም ህዝብን ሃገርን ዘገልግሉሉ በንጻሩ ኣብ ዕንወትን ብርሰት ሃገርን ስርቅን ቀጠፍጠፍን ከውዕልዎ ዝተራእዩ ወይ ኣብ መቀየዲ ቦታታት ተታሒዞም ዝርከቡ ውሑዳት ኣይኮኑን እቲ ፍጻመ ገበን ብዝተፍላለየ ኣገባባት ዝተፍጸመ’ዩ።

    ንሎሚ እንብኣር ንብረትን ዋንነትን ህዝብን መንግስትን ባህላዊ ጉዳያትን ኤርትራ ዝኮነ ዶኩሜንታሪ ተንቀሳቃሲ ፊልምታት፤ ቃለ መሕትታት፤ ጽንብል መደባት ናጽነትን ሃገራዊ ብዓላትን ኣብኡ ዝቀርቡ መደባትን ፤ ብዜካዚ ሰነ ጥበበኛታትናን ፈሲትቫላትናን፥ ውልቃዊ ዋንነት ስነ ጥበብኛታትና ውጺኢት ሞያዊ ስርሓቶም ዝኮነ ብዘይ ሕጋዊ መሰል ዋንነት ኣብ ሾሻል ሜድያ ዬቱብ ብምዝርጋሕ ብዓሰርተታት ኣሽሓት ዩሮ ካብ ትካል ዩቱብ ክግሕጡ ዝጸንሑን እቲ ናይ ምቅብባል ኔት ወርክ ስጋብ ኣብ ኤሮፓን ኣመሪካን ዝተርግሓዩ።

    ዛጊት ብመልክዕ ጉጅለ ዝምታ ክሰርሑ ዝጸንሑ ተስፈት ኣብርሃ፤ መርሃዊ መለስ፤ ዳንኤል ኣብርሃም ፤ዬናስ ደባስ፤ ኤፍሬም ቫይናክ፤ ከምኡ ውን ሓንቲ ጓል ኣንስተይ ነባሪነታ ኣብ ጀርመን ዝኮነት ኣብ ትሕቲ ቀይዲ ክርከቡ ከለው ተስፈት ኣብርሃ ኣምሊጡ ኣብ ሕቁፊ ወያነ ይርከብ።
    ======

    ተስፊት ኣብርሃ ይብሃል ተወሊዱ ዝዓየሉን ዝተማህረሉን ኣብ ከተማ ኣስመራ ኮይኑ ኣብቲ ፈላማ ከም ኣማተር ብቅብኣ ስእሊ ዝነጥፍ ዝነበረ ኮይኑ ብዝነበሮ ስነ ጥባዊ ዝንባለ ሃንቀውትኡ ኵውን ንክኮነሉ ዝተፍላለየ ሓለፋታት እናተገብረሉ ኣብ ንጥፈታት መንእሰያት ኣብ ማሕበር መንእያትን ተመሃሮን ኤርትራ ይነጥፍ ምንባሩ ይፍለጥ።

    ሞይኡ ብዝያዳ ንከማዕብል ተባሂሉ መዘናታቱ መንእሰያት ዘይረከብዎ ዕድል ሕጂ ውን ተከፍተሉ ኣብ ሚኒስቲሪ ዜና ተላኢኩ ከም ኣገልግሎት እና ተሓስበሉ ክምሃርን ክሰርሕን ተገብረ።

    ኣብ ሚኒስቲሪ ዜና ብዝርከቡ ገዳይም ሞያተኛታት ተጋደልትን ኪኢላታት ተንቀሳቃሲ ስእልን ቨዲዬ ዲዛነራት ወይ ኣቀናባበርቲ እና ተሓገዘን እና ተማህረን ካብቲ ብደረጃ ኣማተር ቀባኢ ናብ ቡቁዕ ካሜራማንን ምውህሃድ ተንቀሳቃሲ ስእልን ንሙኳን ዘብቅዖ ሞያ ንከጥሪ ሪሂብ ዕድል ዝተዋህቦን ዝረከበን መንእሰይዩ።

    ተስፈት ኣብርሃ ብዝረከቦ ዕድላት እና ተጠቀመ ንህዝቡን ሃገሩን ከገልግል ዝተገብረሉ ትጽቢታት ንድሕሪት ብምግዳፍ ኣብ እዋን ስራሕ ውልቃዊ ቀጠፍጠፍ ይሰርሕ ምንባሩን ብቀጻሊ ካብ ቦታ ስርሑ ሚኒስትሪ ዜና ካብ ቀረባ ሓለፍቱ ምክርን ማዕዳን ይግበረሉ ምንባሩ ብናይ ቀረባ መሳርሕቱ ናይ ጥቂሚ ሰብ ሙካኑን ንገንዘብ ክብል ዝኮነ ክገብር ድሕር ከም ዘይብል ብሰፊሑ ይዝረበሉን ብኣሉታ ተግባራቱ ይግለጽን ብቀጻሊ ብቀጻሊ መጠንቀቅታታትን ምክርን ይልገሰሉ ነይሩ።

    ስርቂ ዝለመደ ባኒ ውን እንተ ተላእከ ወላ ቆሪሱ ኣይብላዕ ይልሕሶ ከም ዝብሃል ካብ ጉድለታቱን ጌጋታቱን ክእረም ኣይተራእየን።

    ተስፈት ኣብርሃ ተልእኮ ስርቂ ጉጀልኡ ንምፍጻም ዜናዊ መሳርሒ ሚኒስትሪ ዜና ንዝነበሮ ህርፋን ገንዘብ ንምምላእ ናብ ውልቃዊ ስርሓቱ ይጥቀመሉ ጥራይ ነይሩ ዘይኮነ ብደረጃ ሃገር ብሚኒስትሪ ዜና ኣብ እዋን ፈስቲቫል፤ ኣብ መዓልቲ ጽንብል ናጽነት ነቲ መደብ ንምጽብራቅ ብባህላዊ ጉዳያት ንዝቀርቡ ሰነ ጥበባዊ መደባት ድራማታት ካልእን ንዝተቀርጹ ተንቀሳቃሲ ፊልምታት ብምቁርራጽ ንጉጅልኡ የረክብን ኤዲት ተገይሩን ድማ ናብ ዬቱብ ንመሸጣ ይቀርብ።

    ብሰይካ’ዚ ማእለያ ዘይብሉ ደርፍታትን ድራማታትን ወልቀ ስነ ጥበበኛታት መሰል ዋንነት ብምጥሓስ ምስ ጉጅሉኡ ኣብ ዬቱብ ኣብ ዝከፈትዎ ገጻት ክዝርግሕን ኣብ ልዕሊ ስነ ጥበበኛታትና ገዚፍ ክሳራን ሃስያን ከውርድ ዝጸንሓ ገበነኛዩ።

    ብጸቱ ኣብ ትሕቲ ቀይዲ ድሕሪ ምእታዎም ተስፈት ኣብርሃ መረብ ሰጊሩ ናብ መዓስከር ገበነኛታት ወያነ ድሕሪ ምጽንባሩ ኣብ ሬድዬ ወያነ ኣብ ዝተዳለወሉ ክልተ ክፉላት መደብ ሓሶትን ጸለመን ኣብ ከም’ዚ ክብ ኢልና ዝገለጽና’ዬ መደብ ተዋፊሩ ምጽንሑ ኣይሓብኤን።

    እንብኣር ተስፊት ዝርኮቦም ጉጂለ ዝምታ ኣብ ኤርትራ ኣብ ዮቱብ ናይ ምዝርጋ ሕጋዊ ፍቃድ ዘይብሉ ካብ ኣታዊ ጉቡእ ቀረጽ ዘይከፍልን ኣታዊኡ ንኣታዊ ውሽጢ ሃገር ዘየፍልጥ ብጉጅለ ዘረፋ ዝቆመዩ።

    በዞም ጉጅለ ኣብ ዬቱብ ተዘርጊሑ ዘሎ ውጺኢት ስነ ጥበባዊ ስርሓት ጉልበትን ገንዘብን ብስነ ጥበበኛታትና ዝሃለከሉ ክከውን ከሎ ወለ ሓደ ረብሓ ዘይረክብሉ ጥራይ ዘይኮነ ደርፍታቶም ድራማታቶም ኣሕቲሞም ንከይዝርኩሑ ዕድኦም
    ንከይከፍሉ ዝገበረን ኣብ ክሳራ ዘውደቀን ሞራሎምን ዝቀተለን ብዘይጻማ ዘባከኑ ገበዝነኛታት ኮይኖም ነዚ ዘሳልጡ ኣብ ኣሜሪካን ኤሮፓን መርበብ ዝተዘርጋሓሉዩ።

    ውጺኢት ስነ ጥበበኛትና ኣብ ውልቃዊ ረብሓ እዘም ገበነኛታት ኵዕልን ክዝርግሑን ዝኮነ ይኩን ውክልና ስልጣን ይኩን ፍቃድ ዋንነትን የብሎምን።

    ካብ’ዚ ዝርከብ ኣሽሓት ዩሮ ብቀጥታ ኣብ ኤርትራ ኣይኮን ዝክፍል ኣብ ወጻኢ ሃገራት ናብ ዝርከቡ ወከልቶም ይክፈል እሞ ብመገዲ ሓዋላ ናብ ኣይተ ተስፊትን ጉጅልኡን ይልኣክ።

    እቲ ዝገርም ተይስፊት ኣብርሃ እዚ ዝኣክል ኣብ ልዕሊ ዘምሃሮን ህዝብን መንግስትን ከምኡ ውን ኣብ ልዕሊ ክተባብዑ ዝግብኦም ስነ ጥበበኛታትና ዝምታ ኣካይዱ ከይኣክሎ ኣብ ሬድዬ ወያነ ቀሪቡ ንህዝብን መንግስትን ሃገርን ኤርትራ ኣብ ምድዋንን ንመንእሰያት ንምግጋይን ዘየለ ስእሊ ንምፍጣርን ካብ ገበናቱ ንምህዳምን ምሕቃኑ’ዩ።

    እንተ ኮነ ሓቂ ብርእሳ እንተ ቀበርካያ ብእግራ ትወጽእ ዝብሃል ምስላ ኣቦታትና ከምዚ’ዩ ተስፊት ኣብርሃ ንግዚኡ ኣብ ትሽትሽ ወያነ እንተ ተሓብኤ ካብ ተሓታትነት ሕጊ ኮታ ኣየምልጥን’ዩ።

    ኣብ መወዳእታ በዞም ገበነኛታት ዝተዘርግሓ ብቀጻሊ ኣታዊታቶም ስለ ዘየቆረጸ ትካል ዬቱብ ኣብ ምክፋል ገንዘብ ስለ ዝርከብ ዶው ኣብ ምባሉ ዝምልከቶ ኣካላትን ሰነ – ጥበበኛታት ሃገርናን ህጹጽ ሕጋዊ ስጉምቲ ክወሰዱን ምንጪ ገበናዊ ኣታዊታቶም ክዕጾ እቲ ምንታይ ዝተትሕዙ እንተ
    ተታሕዙ ዝሃደመ እንተ ሃደመ እቲ ኣብ ደገ ዝርከብ መርበብ ገና ተጠቀምቲን ተቀበልትን ከም ዘለው በዚ ኣጋጣሚ ነዘካክር።

    ህዝቢ ብወገኑ ዝፈልጦ ሓበሬታ ንዝምልከቶ ኣብ ምሕባር ክትሓባበር ይግባእ።

    ዓወት ንሓፋሽ

    ሸጥ መዓንጣ

    ካብዚቀጺልና ተስፊት ኣብርሃ ኣብዚ ጉዳይ ኣመልኪቱ ገበናዊ ተግባራቱ ኣብ ሬድዬ ወያነ ዝተኣመነሉ ዝበሎ ካብ ቃላቱ ንምስማዕ ኣብ ተዳልዩ ዘሎ ቪድዬ ጠውቁ።

      • Justice

        Well,this has been going on for ever and not sure why it took us years to figure it out.
        Those ,who might have visited Tigray can have an idea as how much the Agames gamble with the Eri Talent.
        They make tons of money by duplicating and selling the Eri Talent…CDs,Videos,Movies–
        The problem is that we have no way of controlling or suing them..

        • B.Adal

          Brother Justice, I would say better late than never. Now that the process of protecting Eritrean Creativity has started, what could the Eritrean “Joe” do to help reduce these illegal copying of Eritrean creativities? By the way, the lack of having copy-right laws is not new to PFDJ’s governance, it has been going on for a long time including during Mengistu and HaileSlassie times. I have no idea if there was copy right laws during those days, but people were abusing the works of other artists. I wonder how many Eritrean music shops in the 1980s were sharing the profit made by selling duplicated songs in cassettes. I am also sure that many of us then and now (including myself) have “illegally” copied Eritrean songs and videos at home for our personal consumption. We many not think of it as a big deal taking someone’s work and using it without their permission, but it is.

          An artist makes a living by selling his product (drawing, music, video, etc.) just like a baker who makes a living by selling his product (bread). It might seem harmless to steal (copy) an artist’s work, while completely shameful stealing a bread from bakery. Although there are some advantages to having no copy right laws, in the case of Eritrean artist’s, not having copy right laws is terrible since the only way these artist could earn a decent living is by selling their CDs/DVD’s.

          Going back to my original question … how could Eritreans at home help reduce the illegal copying of Artist’s work in Eritrea? Similarly, how could the diaspora Eritreans help for all the illegal copying and selling of Eritrean artists that goes on in many Music shops & Mini Markets owned by East Africans?

          A more difficult question would be, what could we collectively do to reduce the illegal copying of our artist in Ethiopia, especially in Tigray?

          • Meaza

            I 100% agree with you. Care and value for our artists should start from personal level.

    • hailemike .

      እዚ ኹሉ ጥፍኣት ኣብ ቅድሚ ዓይኒ ፣ ቅጥፈት፡ ምጥፍፋእ፡ ስርቂ ፡ እንዳተፈጸመስ ፡ እምኸኣ ኣብ ውሻጠ ምኒስትሪ ዜና ዝኣክል ኰይኑ ክንድዚ በደል እንክፍጽም ፡ ምናልባት ካብ ኩሉ ዝኸፍአ’ውን ንሃገራዊ ድሕነት ዝምልከት ምስጢር ዘመሓላልፍ (ሃሱስ) ነይሩ ዝለዝኸውን ፡ ብምኽርን መጠንቀቕታን ጥራይ ምሕላፍ ፣ ኣብ መጨረሻ’ውን ብቐሊሉ ስግር መረብ ናብቲ ደመኛ ጸላኢ ብምኽዳዕ፡ ናይ ‘ውስጠዘ ስራሕ’ ወይ ካልኦ ቁንቈኛ ደኣ ከይህልዎ ?