Eritrea on Track Achieving Six out of Eight Millennium Development Goals

A UN representative has said relying on foreign aid to achieve the Millennium Development Goals did a disservice to Africa, and has called on African governments to find alternative funding sources and clean up their act


Eritrea is on pace to achieve six of the eight UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the target date of 2015, according to the London-based think tank, Africa Research Institute[1] and the United Nations Development Programme.[2]

The six MDGs Eritrea is on track in achieving are from MDG 2-to-7 that are Universal Primary Education, Gender Equality and Empowering Women, Reducing Child Mortality, Improvement of Maternal Health, Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Disease and Ensuring Environmental Sustainability. 

Since the MDGs were introduced in late 2000, reports indicate Eritrea has reduced its maternal mortality rates by 69 %, declined child mortality levels under five by 57 %, slashed HIV prevalence levels by 49 %, and reduced Malaria infections by 90%.

In striving to provide adequate and cost-effective health service, Dr. Mismay Gebrehiwet, an advisor to the Ministry of Health, disclosed Eritrea has started producing its own antiviral drugs to combat HIV/AIDs.

The government is committed to provide the drug free of charge to all HIV infected persons.”[3],  Dr. Gebrehiwet said in an interview with ERI-TV.

The MDGs are a comprehensive framework endorsed by 189 countries at the UN Millennium Summit in September of 2000. They were introduced as a road map for developing nations to reduce poverty, hunger, ill-health, improving education, and environmental sustainability by 2015.

MDG 1Eradicate Extreme Hunger and PovertyOff Track      ✗ 
MDG 2Achieve Universal Primary EducationOn Track     ✓
MDG 3Promote Gender Equality & Empower WomenOn Track     ✓
MDG 4Reduce Child Mortality On Track    ✓
MDG 5Improve Maternal HealthOn Track   ✓
MDG 6Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & other DiseaseOn Track    ✓
MDG 7Ensure Environmental SustainabilityOn Track    ✓
MDG 8Develop a Global Partnership for DevelopmentOff Track     ✗ 
Sources: Africa Research Institute, UNDP,  Dr. Gibrehiwet

– – – – – – – – – – –
[1] Princes’ Progress: Reconstruction and authority in Eritrea and Rwanda, Africa Research Institute, March 2011, page 3
[2] On page 16 of Eritrea’s comprehensive response to the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group, a senior government official; citing UNDP officials, said Eritrea is on track to achieve six of the eight MDGs
[3] Dr. Mismay Gebrehiwet’s interview with ERI-TV, FEB 15,  2012, via
– – – – – – – – – – – –