David Shinn and Princeton Lyman on How to ‘Bring Eritrea in from the Cold’

Ambassador Herman Cohen, Amb. Princeton Lyman (L) and Amba. David Shinn (R)
In defence of Ambassador Herman Cohen’s proposal on bringing Eritrea, Ethiopia and the U.S. closer. Amb. Princeton Lyman (L) and Amba. David Shinn (R)

By TesfaNews,

Former U.S. Ambassadors and diplomats have responded in a variety of ways to Ambassador Herman Cohen’s proposal on how to approach pragmatically and bring Eritrea back to the fold in-order to improve its severed relation with Ethiopia and the United States.

Here we are going to present the views of two former U.S. Ambassadors who look into the proposal very seriously and agree on the very common issue of it, putting an effort and bring Eritrea back to normalcy in diplomatic relation with the U.S. and, of course, Ethiopia.

Former U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia, Ambassador David Shinn, for instance start by arguing that it is indeed time to bring Eritrea in from the Cold but, he said, the task is harder than it sounds. On the other hand, a diplomat and former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria and South Africa, Ambassador Princeton Lyman, argues no matter how hard it sounds, we should give it a try though previous attempts to to bring Eritrea and the US closer have proved to be difficult.

Time to Bring Eritrea in from the Cold (But It’s Harder than It Sounds)

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By David Shinn,

This is not a rejoinder to Hank Cohen’s piece – Time to Bring Eritrea in from the Cold – published by African Arguments on 16 December 2013.  It is rather an analysis of the same issue with the added suggestion that it will be exceedingly difficult to achieve the laudable goals identified by Ambassador Cohen.

I agree with Cohen that it is long past time to end the stalemate between Ethiopia and Eritrea.  It is also time for the United States to try again to improve relations with Eritrea.  I accept there is no solid evidence that Eritrea is continuing its support for the al-Shabaab terrorist organization in Somalia, thus removing this argument from the list of reasons that obstruct better relations.  Finally, there is some evidence that both the leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea are more willing to see an end to their conflict.  President Isaias Afwerki’s silence following the death in 2012 of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was also helpful.

But it is important to take into account the complicated background that led to this conflict.  The movement of Eritrean troops into Ethiopia in May 1998 represented the culmination of a long list of grievances on both sides of the Ethiopia-Eritrea border.  With the benefit of hindsight, there were many warning signs that no one seemed to appreciate at the time.

While the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) of Meles Zenawi and the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) of Isaias Afwerki often cooperated in their battle to remove the Derg regime from Ethiopia, they also periodically had tactical and strategic differences.  In the post-Derg euphoria, these earlier disagreements were usually overlooked by outsiders.  More importantly, the very systems of government established in Ethiopia and Eritrea after the fall of the Derg were significantly different and not much appreciated in each other’s capital.  Isaias especially thought Meles’ concept of ethnic federalism was misguided.

There was and perhaps still is a negative psychological element to the relationship, at least for Ethiopia’s Tigrayans who live on the other side of the Eritrean border.  Many Tigrayans believed that the more highly educated Eritreans with their experience of Italian colonialism looked down on Tigrayans.  Some Ethiopians perceived that Eritreans saw them as fodder for filling low level positions in an Eritrea that would become the industrial center of the region.  Ethiopia would be the source of cheap labor and Eritrea would reap the developmental advantage.  It is not important if this perception was accurate; perception becomes reality.  Ethiopia had every intention of creating its own industrial sector, which was already in progress.

Eritrea created its own currency, the Nakfa, to replace its use of the Ethiopian Birr.  This was not a surprise and, in fact, in an interview with an Eritrean publication in May 1997 Prime Minister Meles said it is “necessary” that Eritrea have its own currency and issuance of the Nakfa “will not affect the relationship of the two countries.”  But the handling of this issue did become one of many reasons for the breakdown in trust between Addis Ababa and Asmara.  Eritrea announced in July 1997 that the Nakfa and the Birr would circulate on both sides of the border and it would retain its stock of Birr for use as it desired.  Ethiopia saw this arrangement as unfair, announced a trade policy based on hard currency and letters of credit, and immediately issued new Birr so that Eritrea’s Birr holdings would be worthless.

Since the overthrow of the Derg, Ethiopia had obtained much of its refined petroleum from an antiquated Eritrean refinery in Assab.  Eritrea asked Ethiopia to increase the share it obtained from the refinery and demanded additional payment in hard currency.  Ethiopia balked at this arrangement and by the summer of 1997 began to import refined petroleum products elsewhere rather than rely on the Assab refinery.  It also shifted more of its imports to Djibouti.  Once Ethiopia terminated use of the Assab refinery, the facility became uneconomical and Eritrea closed it down.  This also forced Eritrea to import its fuel needs in hard currency and at higher cost.

There were several small border incidents preceding the May 1998 conflict that were never made a major public issue by either Ethiopia or Eritrea.  The most serious one occurred in July 1997 at Adi Murug in the Bada area of Eritrea.  Eritrea claimed publicly after the outbreak of conflict in 1998 that two battalions of the Ethiopian army came to Adi Murug, declared it Ethiopian territory and appointed an Ethiopian administrative committee.  Ethiopia claimed that it only briefly entered Eritrea in hot pursuit of remnants of the Afar opposition and then returned to Ethiopia.

Then there was the appearance of the map prepared by the Ethiopian Central Statistical Office for the 1994 census that indicated Ethiopia claimed areas to the west of the diagonal border (the Badme area) separating southwest Eritrea and western Tigray between the Mereb and Setit Rivers.  The map also suggested Ethiopia claimed additional small pieces of territory that virtually all other maps show as part of Eritrea.  In 1997, the issue returned when the regional government in Tigray issued a similar map.  Ethiopia never provided a convincing response as to why these maps appeared.

All of these issues, including some other lesser ones, provided the backdrop for the outbreak of conflict in 1998.  Following several minor, alleged incursions by Eritrean forces into territory administered by Ethiopia, there was an incident in the vicinity of Badme on 6 May 1998 involving Eritrean regular forces and hardened TPLF local militia.  According to a well-informed Ethiopian account, there were eight deaths on the Eritrean side and none on the Ethiopian side, suggesting the likelihood of an ambush. Eritrea sent a negotiating team to Addis Ababa to resolve the matter.  That team unexpectedly returned to Asmara on 10 May and within 24 hours, Eritrea invaded the Badme region, which had been administered by Ethiopia, with a large military force.  Thus began a conventional type war on 12 May in which an estimated 100,000 soldiers on both sides perished in the next two years.

Time does tend to heal wounds, but both the Ethiopians and Eritreans have long memories and it is not clear how much of this baggage they can put aside.  Much of the discussion since the outbreak of conflict in 1998 has focused on Badme, which is only symbolic of greater differences.  Ethiopians and Eritreans must conclude it is in their mutual interest to normalize relations and then begin to solve these political, economic, social, and geographical disputes.  Ethiopia needs to approach the problem with the understanding that it probably has to give up control over Badme.  In effect, it has already acknowledged this possibility.  Eritrea needs to be more flexible on the sequencing of issues.  It would be helpful to drop its demand that Badme be turned over first so that negotiations on other issues can begin.  Both sides must also understand that small, mutually agreeable changes need to be made along other sections of the disputed border.

It is important that all of the economic differences be on the table, including future long-term access to the port of Assab by land-locked Ethiopia.  Trade, open borders, telephone links, and air travel need to return to normal.  Eritreans and Ethiopians should be able to move across the border without difficulty and, following the laws in each country, work there.   All of this is hard and will take many months to sort out, but Ambassador Cohen is correct that it is time to make the effort.

As for the improvement of relations between the United States and Eritrea, I also agree this would be a positive development.  The United States does have a small embassy in Asmara headed by a charge d’affaires.  On several occasions in recent years, Washington has explored the possibility of improving relations with Asmara. They have come to nothing and not just because of U.S. concerns about earlier Eritrean support for al-Shabaab in Somalia.  Even if it is now possible to put this concern aside, it is not clear that President Isaias is truly interested in improving relations with the United States.  There is not much point in assigning an ambassador to Asmara if he/she does not have regular access to the senior levels of the Eritrean government.  This is not an excuse for Washington to do nothing, but it is important to understand that the reluctance is not necessarily confined to one side.

Whatever Washington does in the coming months, its relationship with Addis Ababa is more important than the one with Asmara.  Although the United States might decide to try again to improve relations with Eritrea, it will not do so at the expense of its ties with Ethiopia.  Ideally, the United States, Ethiopia and Eritrea will collectively decide the time has come to normalize/improve relations so that Eritrea can come in from the cold.

David Shinn was the U.S. ambassador to Ethiopia from 1996 to 1999. He blogs at: https://davidshinn.blogspot.co.uk/ This article is part of an ongoing series examining the current state of relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea.

 

Previous Attempts to ‘Bring Eritrea in From the Cold’ Have Proved Difficult, but We Should Still Try

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By Princeton Lyman,

Ambassador Cohen is right that ending the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea is long overdue and would be of great benefit to both countries and the region. The same is true for better relations between Eritrea and the US.

But Ambassador Cohen does not mention that the African Union was instrumental in calling for United Nations Security Council sanctions against Eritrea.

Not a few Africa countries have been upset by perceived Eritrean actions either in Somalia or elsewhere in pursuing its conflict with Ethiopia. Eritrea has become somewhat of an outlier. And rapprochement has proved difficult.

In 2008, when I was at the Council on Foreign Relations I made a major effort to bring Eritrea and the US together.

After months of discussion on how to do this, I suggested to the Eritrean ambassador the Council sponsor a meeting between Eritrean officials and a distinguished group of Americans no longer in government, but with strong backgrounds in the region, to discuss the whole range of issues between our two countries.

The idea was that if the meeting were to go well, someone from the administration would join opening the way to more formal government-to-government meetings.

The Eritrean ambassador assured me his government had approved this proposal. I persuaded the outgoing Bush administration to hold off on a designation of Eritrea as a state sponsor of terrorism to give this meeting a chance. Though skeptical, the administration agreed.

The list of Americans I had contacted and who had agreed to sit down with such a delegation for two days was impressive, including many former diplomats who had served in the region and others active in humanitarian program in Eritrea. What was still missing was the list of Eritrean participants.

Shortly after the inauguration of President Obama, the Eritrean ambassador traveled home, promising me a list of Eritrean delegates when he returned. I did not hear back from him for months. When he finally contacted me, he told me that President Isaias had in fact killed the idea.

This is not to say that improvement in relations between the US and Eritrea does not remain desirable. Nor that any opening to settle the dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia should not be seized. But it does reflect the reality that the government of Eritrea does not make it easy for such rapprochement.

After all this time, and with so much suspicion and accusations, these processes cannot be solved by meetings that have strict preconditions, as Eritrea has often insisted upon, nor without a readiness to address the several issues at stake not just one.

Perhaps another try at second track diplomacy might help to start the dialogue. I encourage Ambassador Cohen to pursue that and other ways to advance these worthy goals.

Princeton Lyman is a diplomat and former United States Ambassador to Nigeria and South Africa.

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88 thoughts on “David Shinn and Princeton Lyman on How to ‘Bring Eritrea in from the Cold’

  1. Blessed are the peace makers for they will be called the children of God. I commend Ambassador David Shin and Ambassador Princeton Lyman for their effort to bring peace to the two neighborly nations. It is up to us Eritreans and Ethiopians to honestly support those who are trying to help; if we don't do so we will be leaving the future generation with unresolved conflict and possibly another blood shed. We owe it to the coming generation to hand them down a stable region.

    Moses

    1. None of us is a decision maker for either side, but all of us can contribute ideas and views of peace only.
      We need peace and justice, we need normalization of relations. We have suffered for long both Eritreans and Ethiopians, there is no winner of this war, or winner of no war no peace situation. In fact We are both losers if we can't bring peace!
      Devil or angel we should learn to live in normalcy, cause we can't change the map and our neighborhood ness. We didn't lease the land we are the owners and we will remain neighbors forever.
      It will never will be late as far as it is for good and of mutual interest, revenge and avenge should be put aside. The leadership of Ethiopia have to make sure that they will abide and apply the demarcation with
      Not only good spirit but in reality without delays and preconditions. Eritrea as well have to show good gesture of readiness to normalization as far as the border demarcation starts to be established on ground as the EEBC defines it.
      The past is the past we can't change it, we live in the present and learn from our past mistakes and we have to move forward to the future before it gets worst and become burden to our coming young generations. In a matter of fact if both leadership are bold enough to make peace they are both winners, and if they fail to achieve peace between the two they are both losers and history will not blame one side only but both.
      Of course both sides need face saving, but a good gesture and readiness and cessation of hostilities by both citizens and news agencies as well as governments as spear heads of peace should be encouraged and applied to bring peace and improve the conflict and give hope and chance to peace. All avenues of peace are good and should be encouraged to continue without reluctance and hard stand but flexibility.

    2. I have an idea ,In Eritrea just chose who ever has problem with Ethiopia in Ethiopia too we will choose those who have problem with Eriterea. Including the presidents if they have problem.
      Then those both groups will meet in Afar lowland fields and solve their difference as a man. No weapon is allowed. I am tired of the poor farmers' sons dying in both sides fighting someone's war.

      Then I guess we will live peacefully

      1. applausible suggestion, but i've a better one. we take ethiopians who want to be eritreans 7 give them citizen status, & DUMP the so called mahber undinets to be und with their pips in ethiopia and call it problem SOLVED!!!

    3. Mussie, While I agree with you about the goodness of peace for all concerned, I wish to draw your attention to the following statement of Shinn's statement which is fallacious. He said "I accept there is no solid evidence that Eritrea is continuing its support for the al-Shabaab terrorist organization in Somalia, thus removing this argument from the list of reasons that obstruct better relations…" as if the Somalia issue has anything to do with what he calls "relations". The al-Shabaab theory was manufactured much later with the only reason to SANCTION Eritrea at eh UNSC. The only thing we can take from his assertion that he found "no solid evidence that Eritrea is continuing it support…." which we can use to sue him, the Woyane and Susan Rice for that manufactured lie. Shinn, as the Ambassador, is probably the one who advised Woyane to accept the Border Commission rulings "in principle" to save them from the global opinion against them. I like your enthusiasm for peace but, I would advise you to take his current turn-around with "a grain of salt".

  2. What bother me the most why would the former Ambassador speck up now after 14 years, he could have while is was still Ambassador…The US foreign policy noting good comes out of it, but fiasco!!!

      1. On the ball as always Aba.

        BTW we must remember this people are making all this publication of their accord. Eritrea never ask them too.

      2. it is especially surprising for Davis shin crocodile tears now, after he lost the Cement factory investment in Adigrat that was completely destroyed and out commissioned by the Eritrean Air force back 1997, that he thought one of its kind that will export to all African Countries . but we are all for peace , actually Eritrea means peace so be it .

          1. Bisrat
            You think they are with you if you have one but if the war start they will ended up in Saudi , Yemen or Ethiopia to save their life because even if they didn't there during last war they know the name and history of ETHIOPIAN AIRFORCE so don't pretend like you have one.

          2. Alem
            Only naive and who lives on empty Zeraf pride like you will think that way . What you don't know can hurt you , if you haven't learn already from your past humiliation it can only get worse, just stick aroud .

          3. Bisrat : The Main problem is they have been Brainwashed by tplf into believing they actually won anything. I will bet you Alem Has never talked to any Ethiopian military who has been in battle , except watching ETV .

            Alem : Ask and Read before you open your mouth . Check facts and Also ask why the tplf junta gov has not even told its people on who and how many have died ?
            I know u speak tigriga so say this : Zewale Yeneger ! !

          4. U MEAN THE RUSKIES? the mikhail dibritskie, zhon timrooskies? ahahahaha
            the the proud abebe, bekele and lema, are proud uganda airforce NOW!!!
            EVEN THE LAST SU27 LADY PILOT (ms haimanot) is nigeria airforce mule r8 now!!!

            and your teret-teret tolosa, is just THAT, TERET-TERET 🙂

          5. The Eritrea Air Force are well-trained, well equipped, and are highly committed to defend the land heroic and the promised land. You better think twice before you ask insensible questions We are Eritrean who made history with blood, and at any we are ready to defend our country at any price. We lot of airforce pilots in and outside Eritrea. Mihert how many Ethiopian airfroce after in dozens defections.

  3. Mr. Princeton Lyman,

    Since when an African Union or IGAD become an independent organization ? Do you know African Union, USA,EU, UK the and the Government of Algeria are signatory guarantors of Algiers peace agreement ? As for relation between US admin and Gov't Eritrea, it was Obama's administration with a blessing of Susan RIce who killed the idea not Eritrea.

    1. If they reallllllllly cared for the peace of these 2 countries, why is so difficult to call a 'spade a spade'? why is it so difficult to tell ethiopia it needs to abide by the rules and comply with implementing the demarcation on the Ground??? Why not tell ethiopia to get the hell out of Eritrean land??? why can't the SPIT IT OUT!!!!!!!!!! instead of going around the bush, 'make peace with the US, make peace with…..etc'? Don't they know that we Eritreans know and are well versed about their GelTemTem??? Wetru Awet Ne Hafash! Zelalemawi ZeKri ne Semaetatna!

    2. A little Remainder For Mr Peace Makers, Who Kill the idea ?Pleas ask John Bolton !!!!!!Susan Rice killed the idea .The all World know this ,blessing to peace Makers.

  4. what all this men have in common is desperation to save the wayane government and it looks like they are loosen it, the bad news for them is eritrea and eritrea is flourishing and they can't do nothing about it.

    1. I agree with you bro,the border should remain sealed for ever,who needs the backward Ethiopians.We don't want to to go backward.We have gold,two sea ports and a lot of fish.viva eri.

  5. It's clear that the United States wants to improve its relationship with Eritrea, particularly in light of what's happened to South Sudan (the pride and joy of Obama and Rice that blew up in their face) and Weyane's continued unpopularity in Ethiopia and the potential that it can crumble from under its own weight.

    The United States needs to change its policy and stop protecting Weyane. In particular, it needs to demand that Weyane hand over Badme to Eritrea and allow the border demarcation to be completed with pillars on the ground.

    Then, and only then, will Eritrea entertain improved relations with Uncle Sam and Ethiopia.

    It is good to see that several US policymakers have come to that conclusion.

  6. Dear Eritreans Brothers, How is the cold out there?
    Here ,inside, its not bad, its not perfect but its good, we have around 200 brothers and sisters. some bad and many good. We have no option but to make partnership and to learn how to live together. because from what we have seen in North Korea and you, to be alone in the cold is not an option. so we struggle to keep up with the crowd.
    I hope you will join us soon.

  7. The issue is so simple there is no need to complicated. Ethiopia is occupying Eritrean land and it need to vacate it with out if and buts. The cause and effect of the war is immaterial, except maybe for the history books.

  8. Eri -for -ever,,,u mentioned it, it is to save the vast populated nation in the horn. This is what makes the US crazy dog. slowly the americans gov making the earth the worst place to leave by sparking fire at every corner of the globe…

  9. The ball is in the hands of the US policy makers to change their ill policy to wards Eritrea. Holding Eritrea & it's people as hostage in no war no peace by breaking the rule of law to save weyane will not improve the relations between Eritrea & the United States. If truely the US want good relations. They have to stop scapegoating Eritrea & order weyane who is pampering by them to abide by the rule of law & leave our land immedately. Then, we can talk about good relations.

  10. Waw it is amazing how you guys can manipulate words to your always advantages and twist things around to your benefits. But i give it to you guys, you have come a long way. years past and all you have giving is a helping hand to the minority regime in Addis Ababa, now the minority regime are trying to be saved so you guys are coming in time before the they lose completely. Lets try another year, may be then you will get it right make the due diligence and come into agreement to solve the problem where you can tell the Minority regime to withdraw first from Badime where the flashing point of the start of the war.

  11. Eri-for-ever – I think you have nailed it man.All are running to aviod the collaps of a state with 90 million ppl. They are all dancing around the issue which Eritrea has been saying since the begining. Other Very interesting things;
    – The Final admittance of thier knowledged of the Adi Murug , the ambush and killing of our 8 brave soldiers in Bademe & the admittancethat tplf has been the general trouble cause.
    – Stress on the Economic importance of peace. I don't know but wasn't Eritrea suppose to be Finished economically ? werent we Unable to support ourselves without the US and Ethio ? Now its a mutal benefit ?…huh ???????
    – When speaking about The improvement of relations between the United States and Eritrea.the ego is amazing, as they want full access to the higher ups , which means they were being ignored by our government which doesnt have the habit of kissing A** :D:):):)

  12. ..Continued
    – The GOE and H.E. PIA Stance on the Problems of Ethnic Federalism…Should show any decent Ethio how much Eritrea desiers a stable, peacful neighbour , which enjoyes equality.
    Last but not least : " Many Tigrayans believed that the more highly educated Eritreans with their experience of Italian colonialism looked down on Tigrayans….perceived that Eritreans saw them as fodder for filling low level positions in an Eritrea that would become the industrial center of the region. Ethiopia would be the source of cheap labor and Eritrea would reap the developmental advantage. " 😀

  13. The same people that worked hard to kill ertitrean spirit in life long mission; now sounding angles, Eritrea prevailing against all odds. Ezzom sebat kemdilayom eyom mechem, deqi erey the round had been rough but truth is coming out in the hopre to save sinking Ethiopia to floating by old allies, amazing!

  14. Hang tight Eritrea things will come around and has already exposed a lots of these so-called experts working against Eritrea all these times admittedly. We all knew it wasn't up to this bustard Woyanes to make a peace, we knew they have no say to make a peace/war or anything between Eritrea and Ethiopia. Now it seems so clear than ever that when Woyaens told to jump by the so-called African or regional experts, they will say how high. They are almost there to come on the terms of Eritrea and do it right. Single moment, time nor life we want to lose. Get it right and return what is rightfully ours. Enforce and immplement the Algeria agreement first then we can talk.

  15. It is clearly to the advantage of Eritrea to normalize relations with USA, dont forget the world is unipolar with only one superpower, meaning if the USA is friendly with you the whole world will because the whole world depends on the information distributed by the USA.
    Look at the chinese for example: they follow what the USA preaches: do you know how much the chinese are investing in the woyaneland…ask yourselves, because like any body else in the world the chinese are Korakur of the USA too.
    In my opinion I would rather see Eritrea in good relations with the good ole usa than be alone…isolated.

    1. I would like to know how you came to that conclusion aren't the Chinese threatening to use their Veto power whenever something at the security council does not work in their interest?
      Wasn't them along with the Russians who got the last sanction against Eritrea who got it watered down through threats if veto?

    2. My good friend if I may call you that, you have missed the whole point, investment is not just from the u.s or china, and I am not saying there are other countries; we have been investing on our people and and have aquaired a measurable knowledge of if not all things, all things the world needs. Partner you may be but but not exploit or a government above the country’s own government. The u.s. wants to govern you with less than a dollar a day welfare coupon in your own country at its disposal your own labour and natural resources. The line about PIA killing the idea is intentionally inserted to isolate and target our unity under a real dedicated Eritrean leadership which has failed as a strategy during woyane’s war of aggression against Eritrea? Leasing Asab? No we rather have our camels bath in it than give live to a dead and dying woyane: that in its all sense; a minority can and will never rule the majority weather democratically or otherwise, now the roosters are coming home I guess and the servant who has been obediently loyal should not be left in the cold. Eritrea has long been living muAmuka! Gezana natNa!

    3. To cut to the chase your basically saying that Eritrea should bow down to the US & forward US interests first before Eritrea’s.Because that’s what it looks like what your saying, and it’s not a surprise to me to see such individuals with this kind of mentality, since they are made to believe that the US is some sort of ‘God’, that everyone should worship, this is done by subliminal brainwashing via the media,movies,radio…etc. Im just glad that the majority of Eritreans are enlightened with the Truth & Reality.Your going on like if Eritrea doesn’t bend over for the US, then it want survive, have you forgotten how the Eritrean people managed to defeat the Soviets & US backed ethiopia, to gain its Independence,this was achieved with practically no help. So it’s best you look back at what Eritrean history tells us. Plus Eritrea has good relations with a number of countries in this world & is making new friends by the year. If the US wants to change its behaviour then they are more than welcomed to normalise relations with Eritrea. If not then it is there loss, as the Eritrean Camel will keep moving on regardless.

  16. By the way, Deki Erey, Please remember that Ambassador Shinn was the one who openly admitted that he encouraged Chifra Woyane for war. No wonder how he tries to amalgamate stories in favor of his Chifra WEyane. He said as if Eritrea started the war while not denying the atrocities by Weyane including toppling an Eritrean Administration in Adi Murug and killing our gallant heroes in Badme.

    This rush to save Woyane reminds me of the rush in 2000 for the Algiers agreement after the Woyanes with the help of Russian generals and CIA intelligence information proved they were done after reaching Barentu, in fear of Eritrea's counter attack as it retreated with full capacity to the surprise of the handlers of Woyane. The Russian generals knew the Eritrean tactics very well from them advising Mengustu that they gave up.

    Bieray nab zebele yebl Erfi axnie u negeru. This is an indication that they have finally swallowed the fact that Eritrea is not going perish at all but prevail.

  17. Atayo BEJA Agametay Lemani Listro,

    You know what we used to tell Agames like you back in Eritrea when they said "Sile Mariam Mariam Tihabkum"

    We used to answer, "Yirdae'kum!"

    Birlantina Teramus Hasernfay Zelewa!

    1. ሐራይ ጎይታይ · Edit

      ባባአ ጥልያን ጸይቂ ገይሩ ፡ ለሚን ምብላዕ ይሐይሽ ፡ ካብ ዓሽከር ሙኻን።
      እወ ጎይታይ! ሐራይ ጎይታይ! ሐራይ ጎይታይ መዓረይ!
      ne99er, yes Sir!

  18. It just seems that WE ALL REMEMBER WHAT THESE GUYS HAVE SAID AND DONE TO US OR EVEN FAILED TO DO IN THE PAST, however, THEY ALL SEEM TO BE IN A SELF IMPOSED AMNISIA!!!! I am sorry to say that I DO NOT, WILL NOT TRUST them! I trust in the unwavering, desciplined, strong Government of Eritrea! netom shaTrat ina zeblu mengstat, Halifu zexenHom ShaTr baAl Hamot mengstey ne zelalem yenbereley! XaHayna endabereQet eya teKeyd zela!

  19. David Shinn was one of the main actors backing Ethiopia to wage war against Eritrea. David Shinn why now talking about brining Eritrea back from the cold, what does mean that? After all the evil tactics of David Shinn and his collaborators to reverse Eritrea Independent and destroy the economy why now talking like angles? After they try all these inhuman acts against Eritrea and its people why now they talking about solving the problem?. The main reason for their comment or idea is 1) It is not about brining Eritrea back from the cold or what ever they say, it is now they realise that the government of Eritrea has now the upper hand in the Horn of Africa by all means and Ethiopia is on the brink of failing apart. They know that the government of Eritrea will implement the EEBC by his own ability similar to that of independent. Also they need to save the dead wyanne tag by implementing the EEBC but the US must know that clearly wyanne will never stay in power under any circumstance whether the complies or not with EEBC .2) The political instability in the horny of Africa especially in Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and South Sudan clearly shows that the so called America interest in the region is can not be protected. As a result they have to balance their relation with stable and strong nation the region and that is Eritrea. The angle of dead US old dogs (diplomat) now barking to implement the EEBC after failed dirt tricks to destroy Eritrea. David Shinn is one of the main evil actor behind the war. I would like to say to David Shinn the angel of dead, now matter what you talk, say or write the waynne tag in Ethiopia will be eliminated by force sooner or later and Ethiopia geopolitical structure will be changed for ever.

  20. eri-for-ever,

    Regarding Defar Lemanay, I second that! Here is one misila for you.

    Zeyahfr Lemanay Dimu
    Gereanenya Gereharat Shimu.

  21. the title should be,how to bring the frozen hill billiy crackers from there frozen state of mind to the beautifull and always hot Eritrea….

  22. These two ambassadors Cohen and Shinn also happen to be Jewish. They never fail to look at things from Israel's perspective. Israel happens to like PIA and the current Government of Eritrea. It has decent diplomatic relations with GoE and both Israel and Eritrea are cordial to each other.

    What Israel wants, Israel gets from American foreign policy. That is part of the calculation that is going on here.

  23. ቀዳማይ ነገር ክብሎ ዝደሊ እንተሎ ጸርፊ አድላይ አይኮነን።
    አዚ ዘርእይ ከአ አቲ ናትኩም ጠባይ ጥራሕ ዘይ ኮነሰ ፡ አቲ ናትኩም አተዓባብያንን ፍልጠትን ዉን አብዚ የንጸባርቅ ስለ ዝኾነ ብዝተኻእለ መጠን ምጽራፍ እንተ ድገድፍዎ ይሐይሽ ይመስለኒ።
    ብጀካ ሕማቅ ዘረባ ፡ ዘይጠቅም ነገር የለን አብዚ ዓለም።

  24. What they consider being "out in the cold" has actually been a blessing in disguise for Eritrea.

    It's better to live without foreign aid and learn how to be truly independent in mind and spirit rather than being an international beggar like Weyane and live off foreign aid.

    It may be harder in the beginning, but it is worth it in the longer term.

  25. Beja
    First it was Deki Arba issue was your point , now you slide out and you seem to be concerned about the constitution , well there are countries that never had a constitution and functioning very well , like England, New Zealand ,Israel , Saudi Arabia, mostly all Arab Countries Etc. to mention a few, how do you explain that ?

  26. Beja, you are really frustrated. Read the article properly. The real reality is that your masters are begging Eritrea to save your stinky weyane ass.
    We (Eritreans) all 6 million of us will be changing or adding to our names "Isayas". What a blessing to be called Isayas. PIA is Eritrea’s blessed son, our hero and our father. Please get this to your head (whichi is 100% water and 0 brain) The 6 Million Isayas's are financing this website so go to your aga, agame, weyane forum.

  27. You fool still talking about PIA, He and his like are history in the making. What have you done with your life, wash dishes , scum western food aid program .Keep counting EPLF years poor lonely soul.

    1. You are brainless idiot because, that stupid idea is hurting your MLLT than Eritrea, the this will drive Ethiopia to failed state Weyanes are busy selling lands so to give artificial resuscitation to their economy which is at the brink taking ugly turns

  28. ወይ አነ ፡ ወያኔ ክትብሉ መሪት ዓሪቡኩም ፡ ናይ ብሐቂ ዘሐዝን እዮ።
    ንዓኹም ሒዛ ድአ ኤረትራ ናበይ ገጻ ክትምዕብል ፡ ክትዓንዉ እንተ ዘይ ኮይናስ ካብዚ ዘላቶ ንቅድሚት ነቅ አይትብልን እያ።

  29. The first time they came as missioners now as diplomats .Guys don't be fooled,they are up to something
    else. May be china is in control in Africa? They want a piece of the PIE ,time would tell,let's wait and see !

  30. .
    አምባሳደር ሺን ፤ ኢትዮጵያና ኤርትራ

    ኤርትራ በበኩሏ ፣ አምባሳደሩ እንዳሉት ፤ ኢትዮጵያ በአሰብ ወደብ እንድትጠቀም ልትፈቅድ ይገባል።

    By Radio Deutsche Welle (DW)

    በኢትዮጵያ የቀድሞው የአሜሪካ አምባሳደር ዴቪድ ሺን ኢትዮጵያና ኤርትራ ግንኙነታቸውን ወደ ሰላማዊ መንገድ ለመመለስ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ሊወያዩ ይገባል ሲሉ አሳሰቡ። አምባሳደሩ ፣ ከዚህ ቀደም በዓለም አቀፍ ፍርድ ቤት በተደረገ ድርድር ውጤት ባድመ የኤርትራ መሆኗን እትዮጵያውያን መቀበል ይኖርባቸዋል ብለዋል።

    ኤርትራ በበኩሏ ፣ አምባሳደሩ እንዳሉት ፤ ኢትዮጵያ በአሰብ ወደብ እንድትጠቀም ልትፈቅድ ይገባል። አምባሳደር ዴቪድ ሺን ፤ አሰብ የኢትዮጵያ ናት የሚለው እሳቤ ጊዜው ያለፈበት ነው ማለታቸውም ተጠቅሷል::
    https://radio-download.dw.de/Events/dwelle/dira/mp

  31. The first time they came as missioners now as diplomats .Guys don't be fooled,they are up to something else.May be China is in control in Africa,they want a piece of the pie.Time would tell,let us wait and see.

  32. Steps that are needed to restore US-Eritrean-Ethiopian good relationships

    All parties have to follow and stick to the truth. Without this commitment from all sides everyone will only try to score temporary victory based on fabricated or twisted truth that will not lead anywhere. U.S. needs to rethink its past policies of “Big is better” and sacrifice the interest of Eritrea; for a change try to thinking “Small is Beautiful” and explore for mutual respect for each other’s national interest.

    Ethiopia should stick to its true history and stop hallucinating with fabricated stories of claiming territories that does not belong to it. Badme and Assab port legally and historically belong to Eritrea and that is the truth, despite Ethiopian dream to have access to the Red Sea. It is such obsessions and greed that lead to the long wars between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopia can survive and develop without the port of Assab, but will not develop and survive with perpetual war with Eritrea. It will never achieve true independence politically or economically.

    Eritrea need not interfere with the internal affairs of Ethiopia. Let Ethiopians sort their internal affairs without outside interference, and likewise for Ethiopia to refrain from the internal or external affairs of Eritrea.

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