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Ethiopia: An Analysis of Recent Economic Growth and Potential Challenges

Ethiopia’s recent economic growth are respectable achievements

Ethiopia’s recent economic growth are respectable achievements but it may prove fanciful if they fail to consider and address a variety of significant concerns.

By FikreJesus Amahazion,

Nestled in the turbulent Horn of Africa (HOA) region, Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent modern nation-state and second most populous.[i]  The second poorest country in the world according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Multidimensional Poverty Index, [ii] Ethiopia consistently ranks extremely low upon a variety of socioeconomic, development, and human rights indicators. [iii]

Recently however, Ethiopia has experienced economic growth – making it amongst “Africa’s best performing economies.” [iv] This development reiterates the Ethiopian government’s lofty ambitions to attain “middle-income status by 2020.” [v] The validity, sustainability, and possible ramifications of Ethiopia’s purported and ambitious economic transformation in the near future – which could prove beneficial domestically and regionally – merits closer analysis.

Source: African Development Bank: African Economic Outlook [vi]

* Source: African Development Bank: African Economic Outlook [vi]

To begin with, it is important that Ethiopia’s economic growth translate into broadscale development. While Ethiopia has reportedly witnessed tangible progress on the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), [vii] the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has noted that there still remains “a pressing need for policies to translate positive growth outcomes into stronger employment gains and further reduction in poverty and set off a dynamic, virtuous cycle of self sustaining and broad-based growth.” Further challenges include high levels of youth and female unemployment, greater efforts being required to identify and address the needs of those in severe and chronic poverty (approximately 25 million or 27 percent of Ethiopians live in extreme poverty), and pervasive malnutrition. [viii]

Ethiopia’s economic growth also arouses questions of equitable growth and redistribution. Handley et al. (2009) outline that, although essential, economic growth is not always wholly sufficient to reduce poverty or inequality. Rather, an assortment of measures must be undertaken to ensure that poorer strata of society are incorporated into national economic growth. [ix]  Even with Ethiopia’s past reduction of much national inequality, dramatic inequities in education and employment – and broad discrimination – along rural-urban, gender, and ethno-religious lines are starkly apparent. [x]

Another critical issue emanating from Ethiopia’s economic growth and general developmental efforts is the manner in which they have been pursued. For example, a vital component of Ethiopia’s agricultural development strategy is the “villagization” program that entails the relocation of millions of people from locations reserved for industrial plantations. [xi] Ethiopia is an agrarian based society in which more than 80 percent of Ethiopians depend on agriculture and pastoralism for subsistence. Issues arising from the program have led to greater food insecurity, a destruction of livelihoods, and the loss of cultural heritage. Additionally, the program, which frequently utilizes forced evictions, has been plagued by a plethora of human rights violations. A variety of human rights groups have documented beatings, killings, rapes, imprisonment, intimidation, and political coercion by the government and authorities. [xii]

While Ethiopia has suggested that leasing land to foreign investors is necessary to modernize farming, enhance domestic food production, and generate employment, [xiii] it continues to struggle mightily with hunger, under-nutrition, and stunting.  Further, a UN report has even suggested that such investment deals negatively impact local populations. [xv]

Importantly, projections of Ethiopia’s forthcoming evolution into a middle-income country must address the fact that Ethiopia remains overwhelmingly dependent on foreign aid. Long unable to produce enough food for its population, the nation has been dependent on foreign food aid for decades; [xvi] recent World Food Programme data illustrates that the country remains one of the largest recipients of food aid in the world. [xvii]

* Source: World Food Programme and World Bank [xviii]

* Source: World Food Programme and World Bank [xviii]

Siyoum, Hilhorst, and Van Uffelen (2012) also note that more than 8 million Ethiopians rely on food aid. Furthermore, the authors find that Ethiopia’s food insecurity stems from government failures in addressing major structural problems including poor soil fertility, environmental degradation, population pressure, fragmented landholdings, and a severe lack of income-generating opportunities outside of agriculture. [xix]

In addition to its reliance on food aid, Ethiopia is highly dependent on external economic assistance. In 2011, Ethiopia was the world’s fifth largest recipient of official humanitarian aid and received $3.6B in total assistance, [xx] the latter figure representing between 50-60 percent of its total budget. [xxi] Additionally, Ethiopia’s 2011 share of total official development assistance – approximately 4 percent – placed it behind only Afghanistan.

According to Finland’s Country Strategy for Development Cooperation in Ethiopia, published by the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ethiopia’s dependency challenges include the fact that its “…humanitarian support programmes are fragmented,”  an outcome likely influenced by the expansive network of foreign development, religious, and charity organizations (2000-4000 in total). [[xxiii] The Finnish report also notes that “a large proportion of the Ethiopian people have limited coping mechanisms at their disposal.” Furthermore, the country is faced with “an immediate need [to] transition from humanitarian aid to development [and]…without a range of dynamic and comprehensive activities to promote effective private sector development, particularly in agriculture, it will be very difficult to achieve the anticipated growth rates under the [growth and transformation plan].” [xxiv]

In fact, recent years have seen Ethiopia’s vaunted annual GDP growth rate decrease.  [xxv] Utilizing World Bank data, which reports Ethiopia’s 2012 GNI per capita as $380 (current US$), [xxvi] Ethiopia’s transition to lower middle-income status (between $1,036 – $4,085)  [xxvii] would require an annual growth rate of approximately 20 percent. This would appear to be highly unlikely, even if overlooking its recent descending economic trend or the negative effects of inflation.

These issues may be exacerbated by an array of financial risks. According to the IMF, Ethiopia faces growing external debt, [xxviii] even though it was the beneficiary of debt cancellation in 2005 via the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiatives (MDRI) programs. [xxix] Additionally, it is has experienced a worsening of its foreign exchange shortage, and a lack of sufficient financing for its growth and transformation plan. [xxx]

Beyond the aforementioned developmental challenges, issues of aid dependency, and financial risks, domestic governance and external geopolitical factors represent critical concerns for Ethiopia. A multicultural, ethnically-diverse country with a state-structure built along institutionalized ethnic entrenchment in a nominal federal arrangement dominated by a single minority group; rising tensions with a resilient, large, and historically repressed Islamic constituency; and troubled ties with neighbors mean are both challenges and possible impediments to Ethiopia’s projected economic growth unless adequately addressed.

Currently, political oppression, ethnic discrimination, extrajudicial executions, torture and other abuses in detention, [xxxi] in addition to economic factors, have led hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians to flee the country. Many fall prey to human smugglers and traffickers who engage in a variety of the most depraved forms of abuse or exploitation. [xxxii]

Additionally, Ethiopia has been at the forefront of a variety of conflicts. The separatist Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) continues to wage an insurgency against the central government, [xxxiii] while terrorism – largely arising from Ethiopia’s policies and interventions in neighboring regions – has been a constant threat. According to Global Humanitarian Assistance, in each of the years from 2002-2011 Ethiopia was engaged in some form of active conflict.  [xxxiv] Prior, the 1998-2000 period saw Ethiopia wage a costly war against Eritrea. Since then, Ethiopia has failed to abide by its obligations as ruled by the international Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission, [xxxv] and instead continues to occupy sovereign Eritrean territories – thus posing an unnecessary problem to both countries and the surrounding region. [xxxvi] Ethiopia’s recent tension with Egypt regarding the construction of Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam is an additional dimension that complicates an already tenuous regional political landscape. [xxxvii]

Last, a potential crisis within or outright collapse of the Ethiopian state calls into question any projections of Ethiopia’s impending transition to middle-income status. Since 2006, Ethiopia has experienced a downward trend in the Fund for Peace (FFP) Failed States Index, while for 2013 it received amongst the lowest rankings.  [xxxviii] This outcome is buttressed by Marshall and Cole’s (2011) State Fragility Index and Matrix which classifies Ethiopia as one of the eight “most fragile” states in the world. State fragility is reported as an aggregate score of an array of governance categories including state effectiveness, legitimacy, security, armed conflict, and other socio-economic and political factors. [xxxix] Finally, the National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds (2012) suggests that Ethiopia is among the top 15 “high risk” nations slated for state failure by 2030. [xl]

* Source: Center for Systemic Peace [xli]

* Source: Center for Systemic Peace [xli]

In conclusion, Ethiopia’s recent economic growth and developmental progress are respectable achievements, particularly within a region long plagued by a variety of ailments. However, suggestions of Ethiopia’s socioeconomic transformation may prove fanciful if they fail to consider and address a variety of significant concerns.
– – – – – – – -

REFERENCES

[i] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13349398

[ii] 1 http://theafricaneconomist.com/10-poorest-countries-in-the-world
2 http://hdr.undp.org/en/data

[iii] Kloos, H., D. Haile Mariam, and B. Lindtjorn. 2007. “The AIDS Epidemic in a
Low-Income Country: Ethiopia.” Human Ecology Review. 14 (1): 1-17.

[iv] http://www.afdb.org/en/countries/east-africa/ethiopia/

[v] 1 http://allafrica.com/stories/201306200097.html
2 http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/news_archive/GTP

[vi] http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/

[vii] http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/MDG/english

[viii] 1 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13308.pdf
2 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads
3 http://www.eeaecon.org/node/5022
4 http://labspace.open.ac.uk/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=452585&section=1.4

[ix] Handley, G., K. Higgins, B. Sharma, K. Bird, and D. Cammack. 2009. “Poverty and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview of Key Issues.” Overseas
Development Institute. Working Paper 299: 1-82.

[x] 1 http://www.irinnews.org/report/64382/ethiopia-inequality-gender
2 USGOV. 2011. “Ethiopia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011.” United States Department of State. Retrieved from: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186406.pdf
3 UNESCO. 2012. “UNESCO Global Partnership for Girls’ and Women’s Education – One Year On.” UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/

[xi] http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/development-aid-ethiopia

[xii] http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/development-aid-ethiopia

[xiii] http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/

[xiv] 1 http://www.wfp.org/stories/10-things-everyone-shou
2 http://www.voanews.com/content/hunger-costs-ethiopia-billions-of-

[xv] http://www.fao.org/publications/sofa/en/

[xvi] http://sites.tufts.edu/jha/archives/1754

[xvii] http://www.wfp.org/fais/reports/quantities-delivered-two-dimensional-report

[xviii]1 http://www.wfp.org/fais/quantity-reporting
2 http://data.worldbank.org/

[xix] http://sites.tufts.edu/jha/archives/1754

[xx] http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/countryprofile/ethiopia

[xxi] http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files

[xxii] http://formin.finland.fi/public/default.aspx?contentid=274547&cont

[xxiii] 1 https://www.devex.com/en/news/a-year-on-ngos
2 http://www.icnl.org/research/monitor/ethiopia.html

[xxiv] http://formin.finland.fi/public/default.aspx?contentid=274547&cont

[xxv] http://www.tradingeconomics.com/ethiopia/gdp-growth-annual

[xxvi] http://data.worldbank.org/country/ethiopia

[xxvii] http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications

[xxviii] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13308.pdf

[xxix] 1 http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2005/pr05292.htm
2 http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS

[xxx] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13308.pdf

[xxxi] http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2013/country-chapters/ethiopia?page=1

[xxxii] 1 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-24663049
2 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-23321638

[xxxiii] http://www.irinnews.org/report/96658/briefing-ethiopia-s-onlf-rebellion

[xxxiv] http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/countryprofile/ethiopia

[xxxv] http://www.pca-cpa.org/showpage.asp?pag_id=1150

[xxxvi] http://africanarguments.org/2013/12/16/time-to-bring-eritrea

[xxxvii] http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-08/ethiopia-rejects-egyptian

[xxxviii] http://ffp.statesindex.org/ethiopia

[xxxix] http://www.systemicpeace.org/SFImatrix2010c.pdf

[xl] http://www.dni.gov/files/documents/GlobalTrends_2030.pdf

[xli] http://www.systemicpeace.org/SFImatrix2010c.pdf

– – -

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  • daniel

    Great Analysis Fikre.

    To me it seems, Ethiopian Government doesn't have a coherent economic or development policy. It is as if they are trying to 'race' ahead before they are even able to stand. For example, take the project dubbed 'Addis Ababa light rail project'. Is it really appropriate or timely for the Government to be spending millions on such vain projects, when hundreds of thousand of Addis citizens are sleeping rough on its streets and many are reduced to begging to survive?

    Going by the many substandard projects littering Ethiopia cities, its Government ought to take a good hard look at itself and prioritize in meeting the basic need of its population rather than engage in endles substandard projects littering Ethiopia.

    • Reality Check

      A Sad but true Events . Meanwhile they are busy " Worrying about Eritrea " . Ethiopians should take a hard , Honest look at their condition and government.

      Great piece !

    • Ged

      Daniel
      How are the projects substandard? have you seen the project specification? or aren't power and transport important component for growth? whats your alternative then? sharing the money to the poor? like a few dollar to each.
      I wish if Eritreans stick to their country and let Ethiopians worry about themselves.

      • daniel

        Ged,

        They are, but not when millions of Ethiopians are living a destitute life.

        • challa

          Loosers…Stick to your barren eritrean land…you know what a difficult questions for all Eritreans is? Go figure.

    • Amuell

      Your assumption is wrong, you are talking about two different things.Yet you try to manipulate or you are yourself ill-informed, maybe brainwashed about this project.
      You are right when you say the government needs to do something for those in need, yet Addis Ababa is having massive transportation problems so this project will help to easy the transportation problem. I believe adding few more busses to bus network would have been better as busses can be re-routed according needs in the future while a train system does not offer this. I may disagree with much of what the government is doing but I find it more disturbing looking onEritrean website as if you guys take pleassure out of bashing all-Ethiopian related things…Eritrea is better, Ethiopia is bad even the slightest thing is up for twisting to fit the Eritrean cause. Is it really necessary?

  • Professor

    Ethiopia, under Weyane, is being sold for pennies on the dollar to foreign investors who will bleed the country dry without giving anything in return.

    Very different from how foreign investors operate in Eritrea.

    • Jacob

      Precisely the opposite. Ethiopia has one of the most strictly state controlled economies in Africa. Which foreign investors are you talking about? They are almost nonexistent in Ethiopia.

      • daniel

        Jacob

        You are absolutely right. Ethiopia do have one of the most strictly state controlled economy in Africa. The state being the finger tips of Azeb Mesfin & Co. We already know MZ had stashed away billions of dollars for her and the rest is Company share. How about Sebhat Nega? How much his he worth?

        • Mohammed

          @Daniel
          I advise you! do not look so much tv Specially ESAT & Co.
          The other news channels are no better, so use your own evaluation assets.
          What Eritrea is concerned:
          Does Eritrea free press: NO
          Invetigative jornalismus: NO
          Free speech: NO
          Opposition Parties: NO
          Therefore, in eritrea is no corruption!

          • daniel

            Mohammed,

            All the things you mentioned, totally overrated! You only parroting this back only just because the west told you that is the fashionable thing to say and do. In case of Ethiopia, true democracy would have been food, shelter, clean water and medical care. What good is being able to tick a piece of paper at the ballot box, if one is too hungry and weak to get there??

          • Salem

            Daniel
            freedom of speech and tolerating difference(hence opposition parties) are overrated?

          • Teddy Sheda

            @Mohammed : Lolll, are u serious ? Which Election are we talking about ? the Hijacked one from 2005? Where the Gov refused to admit it lost ?

            Which Media r u talking about ? The ones where you get arrested if you say anything against the gov or the truth ? Of course you are free to write about sports, movies, any minor issues , but tell The 100's of Jailed Ethio journalists about freedom.

            Don't even get me started about investigative Anything. If you had any Real Freedom You Would Investigate EFORT Tigrai , Meleses 3 Billion Dollar Corruptions , The Ogaden Massacres and the Oromo Peoples Systematic Abuse happeneing Right now.

            @Salem : Very Over Rated and Relative . Should not just be imposed on ppl, should be developed through time and experience by the nation and population Through Time. It should be never a condition to Define a nation or a governance method.

          • mohammed

            I do not compare between the two countries. I'm just saying as now, the situations in eritrea are.

          • daniel

            @Salem

            I rather live in a single party state where my basic human needs are met than a life destitution in fake democracy.

          • mohammed

            Are you kidding us?
            first you should live there a year, then we'll see if you still have the same opinion as today.

          • Teddy Sheda

            Yes Sir !

            Just because their chains are locked longer they think they are free and criticize the True Democracy of Eritrea.

            Gov 100% responsible for Fair & Equal education, health service , transportation, etc Built by the people for them selves.

            Tear Gas democracy and Fake democracy i could live without i would rather have my rights respected while i do my duties.

      • Ani

        Land leases.

      • Teddy Sheda

        Jacob the Educated Guesser …Hope u r not guessing again.
        Indian Investors Forcing Ppl off their Ancient Lands: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/201
        "About 400 Indian firms have so far invested .." According to the late Midget Tyrant PM making Ethiopia the Largest host of the New African Land Grab movenmnet by Middel East & Asia Nations http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/ethiopia-land-sw
        Human Rights Watch : 10's of Thousands forced off thier homes in Ethiopia as land is Given to highest bidder. http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/a
        Some of the Comical theatrics also followed :
        Indian Company Borrowed heavily from Ethiopian Commercial Bank, Went broke, People Burned down land .. .http://www.goolgule.com/eprdf-reaping-the-result/
        xD I could go on forever,There is no end. WE know what your littel cousins are doing but It will be the Day when the Ethiopian People Wake up and say its Enough my friend. You have played with thier land and trust for long enough.

      • Teddy Sheda

        Jacob the Educated Guesser …Hope u r not guessing again.

        Indian Investors Forcing Ppl off their Ancient Lands:
        http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/201
        "About 400 Indian firms have so far invested .." According to the late Midget Tyrant PM making Ethiopia the largest host of the New African Land Grab movement by Middle East & Asia Nations http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/ethiopia-land-sw
        Human Rights Watch : 10's of Thousands forced off thier homes in Ethiopia as land is Given to highest bidder. http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/a
        Some of the Comical theatrics also followed :
        Indian Company Borrowed heavily from Ethiopian Commercial Bank, Went broke, People Burned down land …Giov on hook for money http://www.goolgule.com/eprdf-reaping-the-result/
        xD I could go on forever,There is no end. WE know what your littel cousins are doing but It will be the Day when the Ethiopian People Wake up and say its Enough my friend. You have played with thier land and trust for long enough.

      • Reality Check

        Fertile Land Grabbing ,#1 In Africa http://intercontinentalcry.org/ethiopia-continue-

        Indian Investors Forcing ppl off their lands . http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/201
        Land Grab and Forceful displacement of ppl.
        http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-11991926
        http://www.theafricareport.com/East-Horn-Africa/e

        Your gov is the shame of Africa, Leading Nation in offering fertile land to Foreigners . Aiding as per Instructions from its Masters in the recolonization of Africa.

  • isaac

    what do expect when MLLT cooks the accounting figures, it is like good-looking house without foundation, as long they do not change their behaviors it will continue to be one of fragile state. they need to work in peace and harmony with all its neighbors to achieve progress. no peace no war polices hurting Ethiopia

  • S Michael

    Great Article Professor Fikre-Yesus Amahatsion,
    I think this article and analysis exposed the real "Ethiopia "of the Weyanes and the Aigas.The fact that it is based on facts and researches,and independent sources,let them learn a lesson what Eritrea is and who Eritreans are.
    I wish this article is posted on Aiga forum,Ethiopian Review and Ethiomedia as it will teach them the basic facts about Ethiopia and Eritrea.Having said that though,let's forget about Ethiopia and let's keep marching and let them keep barking.If they comeback to their senses and and realize the truth but the TRUTH,they are welcome,if not, let them live in their dreams of destroying Eritrea.but the ned of the day,Truth and Justice will prevail!
    Good luck to them.
    Viva Eritrea.The dream is coming TRUE.The ideology self -reliance of the EPLF is being realized far beyond expected despite of the all odds,conspiracies,sanctions,evil wishes—–
    God bless eritrea!

  • Gemechu Lemessa

    Here we go again shabian dogs are trying to mix the reality with adding their own wrong pictures that is not supported by the statement of the articles and explanations to make it real and fooling them selves by showing the shabian Country is number one in the World . For example look ate the index they present Africa , Djibouti , eritrea , Ethiopia , Kenya , Sudan , Uganda . they are number one from the whole Africa even nothing is mentioned on the statements about those Countries and these are the shabians dogs who try to confuse their own shabians and not even a single Eritrean not alone the rest of our African brothers and sisters.

  • S Michael

    Mr Ghemechu,
    These are facts though and you have the right to challenge the sources and the facts not , the shaebia" dogs".The Sahebian "camels" will keep marching and the Ethiopian dogs will keep barking.
    Good luck to you ghemo!
    Learn something dude.
    Wake up and open your eyes.

  • Dag

    So you are telling me this guy is a professor? I mean a person who teaches in tertiary level? either he underestimated the intelligence of his readers or he is not that brilliant.

    • B.Adal

      You left out the most important possibility, i.e. the reader is clueless. It is common that at least one student from a class room of students always thinks the professor is terrible. Self check is always good; please do.

  • Binieam Mj Tyson

    Thanks Tesfa News. Ethiopia can use these type of opinions to look into and correct any mistakes in their planning and to further increase the economic growth.

  • Muguwangi

    Why these Eritreans are the trouble of Africans and boast like they are above every body while they are the World un democratic and backward tinny Country try to challenge the rest of African Countries ? where they get all unrelated picture with unrelated article that makes them above the rest of all Africans ? Why they have to under mine for example the progress of my Country Uganda and try to insult our democratically elected leader while they have their own undemocratically elected dictator ? Just because we are fighting their messengers terrorist group of alshabab that is why ? I think so , but we let you know that we will never abandon our Somali brothers and sisters until they achieved peace and security by eradicating your messengers terrorist group.

    • Africa

      Hey,

      Leave them alone. Cursing and bad mouthing others is the only thing that makes them feel better about their pathetic lives. Their youth are drowning in the sea, their organs are harvested in Sinai, they beg Israel day and night to not send them back to that hell hole of "country" of theirs. Yet, they try to make their sorry selves feel better by insulting other. It's their thing. Let them do it. That's all what they got…Screaming at the top of their lungs, until they finish dying…

      • Aba Tirreg

        Africa,
        How about more than 200,000 illegal immigrant who was deported from Saudi Arabia in just one week period ? Do you know the Ethiopian immigrant in the world surpass the Eritrean population ?

        • Africa

          Aba Tirreg,
          You're right. There were 200 Thousand Ethiopian immigrants in Saudi. Do you know what happened to them? They WENT BACK TO THEIR OWN COUNTRY. An AIRLINES that is OWNED by their own contry lifted them up in less than three weeks. They went HOME, because they had one. They didn't insisit, cry and demonstrate saying "they have no home to go to", as your cousins did in Israel for the past week…Get it? Now go and sell your left over kidney, ass hole…

          • Facts

            In 2012 alone more than 540,000 young Ethiopian females were sent to Saudi Arabia to work as domestic servants. 140,000 Ethiopians were recently deported. The Ethiopian government DID NOT "bring them back" to Ethiopia we all know they were forcefully deported by the Saudi Arabian government on Saudi Arabian planes.

            "Ethiopia is facilitating procedures to send 45,000[540,000/year] maids to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia every month." http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index.cfm?method=h

          • daniel

            @Africa

            Didn't demonstrate? Kkkkkkkk obviously you must have been in a coma my friend. The few that died, do you think they did so cutting birthday cakes. Harrowing phone calls of Ethiopians begging the world to rescue them because their Government forsaken them? You are a comedian Africa.

    • Muguwangi Museveni

      The President of Uganda disagrees with your Ethiopian-like view of the article.

      "Top 10 Poorest Countries 2013: Oxford University"
      #2. ETHIOPIA
      90% Living In Poverty
      39% Living On At Least $1.25 A Day
      61.5% Deprived Of Adequate Schooling http://www.ophi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Global-

      "At the current rate of reduction, it will take Ethiopia 45 years to halve multidimensional poverty; in other words, to achieve poverty levels equivalent to those Nigeria has now,’ said OPHI’s Dr José Manuel Roche, who calculated the predictions." http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2294809/O

    • manjus

      ni abotatna msila alo . kebdka hamli mlaia zbankan wedebo airaia.ybehal.

  • Azmera

    Mr Muguwangi,
    How many years took you to be in where you call "progress "? Your infrastructure is way behind and your roads are full of pot holes. People have difficulty to reach to the cities. Farmers to sell their products in order to improve their living. So better not talk where you are and where we are. Eritrea is tiny but Jewell of Africa.
    If you are educated try to look and challenge the article and stick to discuss on that. Why all the pain if we want to be proud and boast of our country? If you want go and visit our country and see for your self like your "Democratically elected president" who enjoyed to walk in the beloved Asmera with our "Dedicated President" without any dust and pot holes to worry about.
    Think how to protect and guard your borders from al shebab. And have a look in our history how Eritrea has been and is against terrorism. Let us see how you can uplift your Somali brothers from the turmoil the country is going through. By the way you have another problem now in your door steps!! "South Sudan".

    The same message applies to Mr Africa!! lol
    Leave us alone no one has got the Eritrean way of "Patriotism" and Love for his Country in Africa or else where. As for those who leave the country and are in trouble, when ever they reach in a better position they never abandon their Home land unlike some other Africans who hit the streets of western countries as drug addicts,dealers and pushers.

    • Jacob

      Look who is talking!! There is no single Ugandan immigrant in Eritrea. But, Uganda is full of Eritrean immigrants. Actually, Eritreans have turned out to be something like the GYPSIES of Africa. You find them scattered everywhere. So, If Eritrea is like what you are saying, why are its citizens abandoning it?

      • daniel

        @ Jacob

        let see…. HIV prevalence rate

        Uganda (The HIV capital of Africa) 10.6%
        Eritrea 0.6%.

        I rather live in Eritrea. Wouldn't you?

        • mohammed

          War in South Sudan and Libya, suffering eritrean
          unrest in Egypt and Sudan, suffering eritrean
          social conflict in Saudi Arabia and Israel, suffering eritean
          racism in Europe and America, suffering eritrean
          and soon…….

          The only question is how long should so go on? how long?

        • Jacob

          There is almost no HIV infection in North Korea. The reason is obvious. They simply do not make sex. The social fabric of the nation is broken. The people in such countries are living ina slavery and do not even have the chance to enoy little things like sex. In Eritrea, every body from the age of 16 to 50 is in the military. No SEX=No AIDS.

      • Azmera

        Atta!! That is not how you measure a country's progress!! who cares whether there are Ugandan migrants or not or how many Eritreans are out side of their country. For your information "Gypsies" are underprivileged and marginalized people. No one wants to give them chance to live normal people life. Are you and your liking living like a Gipsy? Even though we are many in numbers? Remember you are included too where ever you are considered like second citizen but have the opportunity to work and study if you are wise and ambitious. Other wise may be you can talk about yourself. My self I dare to talk about the hard working and respected Eritrean. I wouldn't put my people at par with "Gypsies". It is normal in any country to migrate. People migrate for a greener place. But it is sad to say all nonsense about our country. Those who are dedicated and loyal to the country they are working hard for the betterment of everyone. Not talking like you and me from our cosy places where ever we are.

        • Jacob

          Azmera,
          according to the pseudo messiahs of Eritrea's war of independence( I mean the ELF's, EPLF's e.t.c), Eritreans fought for decades for a prosperous and democratic nation. In reality, more Eritreans left Eritrea after 1991 than the years before. There are two historical moments when Eritrea did surprisingly well in many sectors. One is during the confederation time with ethiopia(1952-1961). During this period, Eritreans were the most privileged citizens. They were the richest and most educated citizens of Ethiopia. Second is during the 1991-1997 when the new "nation" of eritrea and Ethiopia had good relations where eritrea was about to become like Singapore. After little eritrea invaded giant ethiopia in 1997 due to the sick mind of its leaders, things started taking a different route. You can see that those pseudo mssiahs came to eritrea not for good.

          • daniel

            @Jacob

            That is he problem. If you lot stopped breeding like rabbits and did some work, you would not continue to be aid dependent. Stop your unchecked breeding program and get to work. Maybe then you wouldn't continue to be the saddest nation in the world. But then what would one expect from backward people who think HIV is a badge of honour kkk

          • miheret

            Daniel
            I believe Jacob asked you a question and you didn't answer. in those "cursed" countries of Uganda and Ethiopia a close to million Eritrean live but in that heaven on earth land of Eritrea I don't think you will find a single Ugandan or an Ethiopian which is not a member of insurgent group or alshebab?
            Why is that? let me guess..no I can't its really a rocket science, can you help me?

          • Facts

            "close to a million Eritreans"? Try being honest for once

            Number of Ethiopian Refugees Last Year in YEMEN=84,000
            "Some 84,000[7,000/month], or more than 80 per cent, of the arrivals [in Yemen] were Ethiopian nationals." http://www.unhcr.org/50f5377e11.html

            Number of Eritrean Refugees Last Year WORLDWIDE=18,000
            "More than 1,500[18,000/year] Eritreans, including unaccompanied minors, flee the country monthly." http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2013/country-chapters/er...

          • daniel

            Miheret

            1) you are deluded to think millions live in Uganda or south Sudan. I would put the figure around 2000 at most.

            2) Eritreans are smart. They go there to make money. That is called Enterpreunship (not that you would know what that means). Who do you think the upper and middle classes of Ethiopia before Independence. You guessed it Eritreans.

            3) There are 20x more Ethiopian immigrants to every Eritreans. Read Facts post

            above. Take Saudi Arabia, more the 2000000 Ethiopians deported. How many Eritreans? A big fat zero! If this doesn't tell you something I don't know what will.

            4) and we havethousands of illegal Ethiopians in Eritrea land. It is called the Ethiopian junta army.

          • Reality Check

            daniel : I got one for you .

            400,000 Legal, 1.2 Million Illegal Ethiopian Immigrants in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. And they talk about Eritrea …????
            http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDQRH80P7ys&de

            <iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/CDQRH80P7ys" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

          • Shiden

            Jacob ata "derho Agame " LoL what do you know about eritrea and eritreans.Sahsah Agame :-)

  • Tsega

    The abuses and violations of basic human rights of Eritreans by the US government began in December 1952 when The Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, made the following unforgettable remarks in his attempts to justify the forced and arranged underage marriage between Ethiopia and Eritrea :-

    '’From the point of view of justice, the opinions of the Eritrean people must receive consideration. Nevertheless the strategic interests of the United States in the Red Sea basin and considerations of security and world peace make it necessary that the country has to be linked with our ally, Ethiopia ''

    John Foster Dulles and his colleagues in the State Department laid the foundation of the misguided US foreign policy vis-à-vis Eritrea and Ethiopia instigating a protracted and bloody conflict between the two sisterly countries which dragged on for three decades from 1961 to 1991. However, after heavy sacrifice, the rule of law prevailed and justice was delivered when Eritreans militarily liberated their country in 1991 and achieved their right to self-determination, thanks to their gallant freedom fighters and the 80,000 heroic martyrs who paid the ultimate price.
    .
    Therefore, Eritreans and those who know them would assure you that the allegations against Eritrea are fabricated and that is why the SEMG has failed to present hard evidence. Let alone the Eritrean government, even the EPLF did not resort to acts of terrorism during the darkest hours of the 30 years of the armed struggle for independence, because terrorism goes against everything Eritreans believe in.

    Over 100,000 Eritrean men and women paid the ultimate price in liberating Eritrea and safeguarding its sovereignty knowing and trusting that those they have left behind will, honour their sacrifice and what they died for, take care of their families and document their heroic history for the present and future generations.

    Hence, Eritrea is on track to achieve most of the Millennium Development Goals, primarily because it follows independent social, political and economic policies, based on civilized African cultural values that promote social justice. However, the sanctions are having a negative impact on the economy of the country and ordinary people are feeling the pain but if the sanctions are lifted Eritrea would achieve much more.

    Since 1950s, the UN helplessly watches Eritrea, suffer in the hands of the US when:-

    its people were denied their basic human right to self-determination in 1950s as Eritrea was forcibly federated with Ethiopia against the wishes of its people in order to meet the US geopolitical strategic needs,
    it failed to apply punitive measures against Ethiopia for rejecting the final and binding verdict of the EEBC and continues to occupy sovereign Eritrean territory,

    it allows the US designed and politically motivated unjust sanctions be imposed against Eritrea for unsubstantiated accusations that lack hard evidence,

    it has refused to initiate an independent investigation to identify and bring to justice those responsible for the human tragedy of the century as thousands of Eritrean youth are targeted and kidnapped by organised multinational human traffickers from the refugee camps of Ethiopia and Sudan as well as in Sinai, Egypt and Libya. Some of these refugees were killed in the Sinai and others drowned in the Mediterranean Sea. A total of 366 people – mostly from Eritrea – died when the boat carrying them sank close to the Italian island of Lampedusa on 3 October 2013. Two months after the incident and as we approach Christmas, their relatives are still waiting for the Italian government to allow them to take their family members to Eritrea for a proper burial. By his own admission, below is what President Barak Obama said in his speech to the Clinton Global Initiative in September 25, 2012 reinforcing Eritreans beliefs that the threat to Eritrea’s national security is genuine.

  • samy

    See,how smooth it is going with out any interruption.who is next in line?Have your say,when the line is open.

  • Teddy Sheda

    Another Perfect Data Regarding the Failed Governance of TPLF Minority :

    Yes Ethiopia Under TPLF Tops the List of Faild Sates AGAIN , Beating only 18 Countries ….
    http://ffp.statesindex.org/rankings-2013-sortable

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